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05 May 2017 Keywords

 

KEYWORDS

5th MAY 2017

1.      Swachh Survekshan-2017

  • cleanliness survey commissioned by the Union Urban Development Ministry
  • carried out by the Quality Council of India
  • across 434 cities
  • cleanest city:  Indore in Madhya Pradesh;  2nd :  Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh
  • dirtiest city : Gonda in Uttar Pradesh

2.      Bilkis Bano case

  • post- Godhra riots case of 2002
  • gang rape of pregnant woman
  • Bombay High Court on 4 May 2017 upheld the conviction of 11 accused and set aside the acquittal of 7 others

3.      Bhilar

  • in Satara district, Maharashtra
  • India’s first ‘village of books’
  • robust collection of literature in Marathi

4.      Central Information Commission (CIC)

  • set up under the Right to Information Act, 2005
  • to act upon complaints from individuals under the RTI Act.
  • it comprises of 1 Chief Information Commissioner (CIC) and not more than 10 Information Commissioners (IC)
  • appointed by the President of India.

5.      Foreign Account Tax Compliant Act (FATCA), 2010

  • It is a United States federal law to enforce the requirement for United States persons including those living outside the U.S. to file yearly reports on their non-U.S. financial accounts to the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FINCEN).
  • It requires all non-U.S. (foreign) financial institutions (FFIs) to search their records for indicating U.S. person-status and to report the assets and identities of such persons to the U.S. Department of the Treasury.
  • FATCA is controversial because governments and banks have been forced to comply under threat of a 30% withholding penalty of all U.S. dollar transactions.
  • The U.S. has yet to comply with FATCA itself, because as of 2017, it has not yet provided the promised reciprocity to its partner countries and it has failed to sign up to the Common Reporting Standard (CRS).

6.      Agni series missiles

  • family of medium to intercontinental range ballistic missiles developed by India
  • long range, nuclear weapons capable surface to surface ballistic missiles.
  • The first missile of the series, Agni-I was developed under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program and tested in 1989. After its success, Agni missile program was separated from the IGMDP upon realizing its strategic importance.

7.      Artificial Neural networks

  • a computational model used in machine learning, computer science and other research disciplines
  • based on a large collection of connected simple units called artificial neurons, loosely analogous to axons in a biological brain.
  • Such systems can be trained from examples, rather than explicitly programmed, and excel in areas where the solution or feature detection is difficult to express in a traditional computer program.
  • Like other machine learning methods, neural networks have been used to solve a wide variety of tasks, like computer vision and speech recognition, that are difficult to solve using ordinary rule-based programming.
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