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7 May 2017 Keywords

 

KEYWORDS

7th MAY 2017


1.     One Belt, One Road (OBOR) or Belt and Road Initiative

2.     China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)

3.     Farakka Barrage

  • 40-year-old
  • 2.6 km-long
  • originally conceived to keep the Kolkata port navigable,
  • alleged by Bihar CM to have worsened the flood situation in Bihar over the years.

4.     National Waterway 1 (NW1)

  • will be on the Ganga
  • will span Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal
  • from Haldia in West Bengal to Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh,
  • 1,620 kilometres
  • detailed project report has already been prepared
  • Rs. 42 billion crore project
  • to be funded by the World Bank
  • project also involves constructing barrages -> concerns of silting

5.     World Water Council

  • international think tank founded in 1996
  • headquarters in Marseille, France
  • orgsanises World Water Forum

6.     8th World Water Forum

  • to take place in the Brazilian capital Brasilia
  • in March 2018
  • theme 'Sharing Water'
  • largest international event in the field of water

7.     Namami Gange

  • Rs. 20,000-crore clean-up programme
  • 100% centrally funded

8.     National Mission for a Clean Ganga-NMCG

  • executive authority tasked with commissioning treatment plants, cleaning and beautifying the ghats and setting up improved crematoria.

9.     Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015

  • replaced Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000,
  • provides that juveniles in conflict with Law in the age group of 16-18, involved in Heinous Offences, can be tried as adults.
  • came into force from 15 January 2016

10.  Malabar trilateral exercises

  • began in 1992 as a bilateral naval exercise between India and the U.S.
  • in 2015, expanded into a trilateral format with the inclusion of Japan.
  • Australia wants to join
  • India reluctant to expand the exercises further due to sensitivities from China

11.  Antibiotic Resistance

12.  Thalassaemia

 genetic blood disorder

requires regular blood transfusion

no known cure except bone marrow transplant (BMT) at early age

India is the thalassaemia capital of the world

Thalassaemia is now under the purview of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016

13.  Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016

14.  X-ray free electron laser (XFEL)

  • Many applications
  • Can facilitate viewing the structure of cells or membranes at extremely sharp resolutions and filming chemical reactions with unprecedented precision.

15.  New Frontiers

  • Programme of NASA
  • fourth mission in the New Frontiers portfolio will be selected
  • Earlier three are the New Horizons mission to Pluto, the Juno mission to Jupiter, and OSIRIS-Rex.

16.  New Horizons

  • NASA mission to Pluto

17.  Juno Mission

  • NASA mission to Jupiter

18.  OSIRIS-Rex

  • NASA mission to Bennu asteroid

19.  Bennu asteroid

20.  SOFIA (Stratospeheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy)

  • NASA aircraft

21.  Cassini Huygens Mission

  • NASA mission to Saturn
  • Cassini is orbiter
  • Huygens is lander on Titan, a moon of Saturn

22.  Kodaikanal Solar Observatory in Tamil Nadu

  • sun's images, ‘spectroheliograms' taken since 1902,
  • in 1909 the data was used to discover the Evershed effect - that gases in sunspots flowed radially outwards.
  • images digitized and uploaded
  • has attracted international attention

23.  Okinoshima

  • Japan's island
  • UNESCO advisory body has recommended adding to World Heritage list
  • a men-only ancient religious site
  • still follow strict taboos from ancient times, including the controversial ban on women from entering the island
  • Men setting foot on the island are first required to strip and perform a cleansing ritual.

 

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