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09 May keywords

 

KEYWORDS

9th MAY 2017


1.      Justice C. S. Karnan contempt of court case

2.      Rs. 900- crore fodder scam

  • Lalu Prasad Yadav
  • 2014 Jharkhand High Court decision to drop charges set aside by SC

3.      TamRas

  • a low-cost copper-based water purification device

4.      Tumuni village

  • In Odisha
  • swears by its decades old practice of ‘self-rule'

5.      Special Infrastructure Scheme (SIS)

  • in Left Wing Extremism affected States
  • commenced from 2008-09
  • to cater critical infrastructure gaps of Security forces which could not be covered under any other scheme.
  • discontinued from Central assistance from the financial year 2015-16 as per 14th Finance Commission recommendation

6.      Integrated Action Plan (IAP)

  • Additional Central Assistance (ACA) for LWE affected districts:
  • commenced from 2010-11 covering 60 Tribal and Backward districts
  • for accelerated development by providing public infrastructure and services.
  • extended to 82 districts in 2012.
  • discontinued from the central assistance from the financial year 2015-16.

7.      Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API)

  • raw materials from which drugs are made

8.      CoBRA (COmmando Battalion for Resolute Action)

  • specialised unit of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) of India
  • proficient in guerrilla tactics and jungle warfare.
  • Originally established to counter the Naxalite problem
  • deployed to address any insurgent group engaging in asymmetrical warfare.
  • one of India's more experienced and successful law enforcement units.

9.      MGNREGS (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme)

10.  Palaeo-channels

  • old rivers that have dried up and filled with sediment.

11.  K.S. Valdiya committee

  • set up in October 2016
  • comprising of hydrologists, geologists and archaeologists
  • commissioned by the Water Resources Ministry
  • reported evidence on the course of the mythical Saraswati, mentioned in the Rigveda and Hindu mythology.
  • It concluded that the Sutlej river "represented the western branch of the Saraswati."
  • The Markanda and the Sarsuti (now called the Ton-Yamuna rivers) watered the eastern branch of the river.
  • MGNREGS (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) fund to recharge remnants of ancient rivers - including the mythical Saraswati - in a bid to boost groundwater reserves.

12.  Emmanuel Macron

  • Elected France's next President a
  • At 39, the pro-EU former investment banker will become France's youngest-ever President.

13.  Hambantota port

  • deep-sea port in Sri Lanka
  • built with Chinese loans in 2010
  • part of Beijing's plans to create a Silk Route across Asia.
  • Sri Lanka owes $8 billion-debt to China
  • proposed deal to sell to China's state run China Merchants Port Holdings
  • Sri Lanka Ports Authority (SLPA) raised many concerns as proposed deal gives sweeping powers to the Chinese company to handle operations near the port.
  • After signing a framework agreement with the Sri Lankan government in December 2016, the state run China Merchants Port Holdings was expected to pay $1.12 billion for a 99-year lease, on an 80% stake in the Hambantota port.
  • Colombo and Beijing also agreed to develop a 15,000- acre industrial zone near the port,
  • Beijing is now willing to sign the port deal, only if land for the industrial zone is made available.
  • However, locals have been resisting the project.

14.  Nontariff barriers

  • form of restrictive trade where barriers to trade are set up and take a form other than a tariff.
  • Nontariff barriers include quotas, embargoes, sanctions, levies, child labour laws, licensing, packaging, and labeling requirements; sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) rules

15.  Sanitary & Phyto-Sanitary (SPS) barriers

  • aimed at the protection of human, animal or plant life from certain risks.
  • policies relating to food safety (bacterial contaminants, pesticides, inspection and labelling) as well as animal and plant health (phytosanitation) with respect to imported commodities.

16.  countervailing duties

  • an import tax imposed on certain goods in order to prevent dumping or counter export subsidies.

17.  World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO)

  • one of the 17 specialized agencies of the United Nations.
  • created in 1967
  • headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland
  • to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world.
  • currently has 189 member states, administers 26 international treaties.

18.  Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary (CWS)

  • In Kerala
  • to rehabilitate Indian star tortoises (Geochelone elegans) seized from smugglers
  • the only rehabilitation centre for star tortoises in the country.
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