CULTURE


 

CULTURE

1. Tipu Sultan’s armoury
2. Channapatana Toys
3. Geographical Indication
4. Amarnath Yatra
5. Tribal Cooperative Marketing Federation (TRIFED)
6. Bomkai Saree
7. Ikat saree
8. Kantha saree
9. Dokra metal work 
10. Lost wax technique
11. Jaipur – UNESCO World Heritage Site

Tipu Sultan’s armoury

  • The role played by the 18th century Tipu Sultan’s armoury, in Mandya, Karnataka near the railway station, during the Anglo-Mysore wars was sgnificant.
  • The armoury, a square-shaped structure about 12 metres wide and 10 metres tall, was one among the many Tipu constructed to store ammunition for battles against the East India Company, represented mainly by the Madras Presidency.
  • The monument was a hindrance to the Bengaluru-Mysuru railway track doubling work for many years as it bisected the alignment of the second track.
  • The nearly 1,000-tonne structure was shifted to another area in March 2017 at a cost of Rs. 13.66 crore.
  • The ‘Unified Jacking System’ was used for the first time in the country to translocate it by PSL-Wolfe Pvt. Ltd.
  • The structure was excavated and moved using hydraulic cranes and other material.
  • Two years on, the heritage monument is again longing for attention. With weeds and shrubs occupying it, the site is also a dumpyard for waste material such as cigarette packets and liquor bottles.
  • There were clear indications of the area being used for anti-social activities apart from being turned into a public toilet owing to lack of security.

Channapatana toys

Geographical Indication

  • There are 613 registered GI products in India

Amarnath Yatra

Tribal Cooperative Marketing Federation

(TRIFED)

  • Cooperative help takes tribal crafts to Amazon’s global marketplace
  • From stunning bomkai, kantha and ikat saris to the geometric shapes of an embroidered Toda shawl, from intricately beaded Bhil jewellery to painstaking Dokra metalwork, the artistic riches of India’s Adivasi communities will soon be showcased on Amazon’s global marketplace.
  • The Centre’s Tribal Cooperative Marketing Federation (TRIFED) signed an agreement to partner with the e-commerce giant’s Global Selling Programme.
  • These traditional textiles are at the heart of TRIFED’s turnaround over the last two years. Earlier, the focus was on gift items and assorted handicrafts.
  • The cooperative federation was started in 1987, but for the first two decades, it bought tribal products in bulk from the market and sold them in its retail outlets.
  • “That was a loss-making proposition. Now we empanel tribal artisans and source directly from them. We pay them a 30% profit, and then sell at an additional mark-up of 10-15% to account for administrative costs,” Mr. Krishna explained.
  • The number of empanelled artisans has risen to more than three lakh, from 75,000.
  • Already, TRIFED’s presence on Amazon India since September 2017 has led to annual sales of Rs. 50 lakh on that platform.
  • Now eyeing the global marketplace, design consultants work with adivasi master craftsman to create contemporary patterns from traditional skills.

Bomkai Saree

Ikat Saree

Kantha saree

Dokra metal work

Lost wax technique

Jaipur – UNESCO World Heritage Site

  • Jaipur, celebrated for its grid plan-based architecture and buildings of pink façades, entered the list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
  • It was among the seven sites worldwide to have made it to the list.
  • The decision was taken by the World Heritage Committee at the UNESCO’s 43rd session under way at Baku, Azerbaijan.
  • The committee, comprising representatives of 21 State Parties to the World Heritage Convention, examined the Walled City’s nomination.
  • The International Council on Monuments and Sites had inspected the city in 2018. It took into account the architecture of streets with colonnades, which intersect the centre, creating large public squares called chaupar.
  • The uniform façades of markets, residences and temples in the main streets had also impressed the council.
  • The fortified city was founded in 1727 by the Kachwaha Rajput ruler of Amber, Sawai Jai Singh II.
  • The city was established on the plains and built according to a grid plan interpreted in the light of Vedic architecture.
  • The city’s urban planning shows an intermingling of ideas from ancient Hindu, modern Mughal and western cultures.
  • Myanmar’s ancient capital of Bagan, nearly a quarter of a century after the complex of Buddhist temples was first nominated for listing, has been included in the list.
  • The Myanmar site includes more than 3,500 stupas, temples, monasteries and other structures built between the 11th and 13th centuries, is expected to boost the country’s tourism sector.
  • The sprawling Mesopotamian metropolis of Babylon made it to the list after three decades of lobbying efforts by Iraq.
  • Iceland’s Vatnajokull National Park, Europe’s largest with a landscape of “fire and ice,” also found a place in the list.

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