May 14, 2017 @ 11:00 am


14th MAY 2017

  1. Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT— In)
  • It is government organisation under Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeiTy).
  • It is a nodal agency that deals with cyber security threats like hacking and phishing.
  • It strengthens security-related defence of the Indian Internet domain
  1. Ransomware
  • It is malware that encrypts the files on an infected system and then demands a ransom to decrypt them, with escalation in the demand over time.
  • The ransom demand is in Bitcoins, the cyber cryptocurrency that is hard to trace
  1. WannaCryptor 2.0  aka WannaCry
  • It spreads using a flaw in older Microsoft Windows systems, which was made public when documents and cyber tools of the U.S. National Security Agency were leaked online.
  • It originates from a tool called EternalBlue that was among the NSA-related tools dumped online in April by an anonymous group, Shadow Brokers.
  • Microsoft had earlier made available an update to eliminate the vulnerability. But a whole lot of systems had not been updated.
  • The WannaCryptor 2.0 has been asking a ransom of the Bitcoin equivalent of $300. It often reaches victims as mail attachment.
  • Once opened, it spreads to other computers in the network exploiting the Windows vulnerability.
  • The biggest hit has been the U.K.’s National Health Service, which has been forced to halt treatments and surgeries.
  • In May 2017, it has hit government departments, universities and companies in nearly 100 countries.
  1. Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP)
  • The UIP provide free of cost vaccines to all children across the country to protect them against 12 life threatening diseases. These 12 diseases are :
  1. Tuberculosis,
  2. Pertussis (Whooping cough),
  3. Diphtheria,
  4. Tetanus,
  5. Hepatitis B,
  6. Polio,
  7. Measles,
  8. Rubella,
  9. Japanese Encephalitis (JE)
  10. Rotavirus,
  11. Diarrhoea
  12. Pneumonia and Meningitis due to Haemophilus Influenzae type b (Hib),

(Rubella, JE and Rotavirus vaccine are given in select states and districts).

  1. Exploration Mission-1 (EM-1)
  • NASA’s first integrated flight of the Space Launch System rocket and Orion spacecraft
  • No astronauts aboard
  • This is the first in a broad series of exploration missions that plans to take humans to deep space, and eventually to Mars.
  1. 3D printing
  • also known as additive manufacturing (AM)
  • a processes used to create a three-dimensional object in which layers of material are formed under computer control to create an object
  • Objects can be of almost any shape or geometry and are produced using digital model data from a 3D model or another electronic data source such as an Additive Manufacturing File (AMF) file.
  1. CRISPR-Cas9
  • Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) are segments of prokaryotic DNA containing short, repetitive base sequences.
  • These play a key role in a bacterial defence system, and form the basis of a genome editing technology known as CRISPR-Cas9 that allows permanent modification of genes within organisms.
  1. Bharatiya Nirdeshak Dravya (BND 4201)
  • India’s own standard bar of gold that is 99.99% pure and can be used to verify the purity of gold sold in shops.
  • The bar, weighs 20 gm
  • It will mean that Indian jewellers will no longer need to import gold bars to check the purity of ornaments.
  • The India Government Mint (IGM), had signed an agreement in November 2016 with the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) and CSIR-National Physical Laboratory (NPL) to develop the first gold standard.
  1. National Physical Laboratory (NPL)
  • The NPL is the repository of standard units — such as the kilogram, the second, and the centimetre — in India and provides calibration services.
  1. Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, 1969
  • It defines a treaty as “an international agreement concluded between states in written form and governed by international law,”
  • It affirms that “every state possesses the capacity to conclude treaties.”
  • It restricts the application of the Convention to written treaties between States, excluding treaties concluded between the states and international organizations or international organizations themselves.
  1. Atlantique incident, 1999
  • In the incident, a Pakistan Navy plane was shot down by India in the disputed Rann of Kutch area,
  • The ICJ ruled in favour of India then, saying it had no jurisdiction in the existence of bilateral agreements.
  1. Operation Rahat
  • Indian Air Force’s rescue operations to evacuate civilians affected by the 2013 North India floods.
  • Thousands of pilgrims in transit in the hill states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh were stranded in various valleys.
  1. Operation Maitri
  • Rescue and relief operation in Nepal by the government of India and Indian armed forces in the aftermath of the April 2015 Nepal earthquake.
  1. Operation Sankat Mochan
  • operation of the Indian Air Force to evacuate Indian citizens and other foreign nationals from South Sudan during the South Sudanese Civil War.
  • The operation was carried out in view of 2016 Juba clashes
  1. e-way bill
  • A waybill is nothing but a physical document that allows movement of goods.
  • e-way bill is electronic way bill for movement of goods which can be generated on the GSTN (common portal).
  1. GST Council
  • It has been established as per Article 279A of the Constitution.
  • It is joint forum of the Centre and the States to make recommendations on important issues related to GST.
  • Union Finance Minister is Chairperson of the council.
  • Besides, Union Minister of State (MoS) in-charge of Revenue of finance and Minister In-charge of taxation or finance or any other Minister nominated by each State Government are its Members.

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