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When:
May 8, 2018 @ 1:00 am
2018-05-08T01:00:00+05:30
2018-05-08T01:15:00+05:30

NEWS

8 MAY 2018

Sr. No.

Topic

News

1.

GS II: SOCIAL – WOMEN & CHILDREN

Trial in Kathua case moved to Pathankot

2.

GS II: POLITY – JUDICIARY

MPs move SC on impeachment plea

3.

GS II: HEALTH

New norms for labelling food planned

4.

GS II: HEALTH

India gets $200 million loan for nutrition mission

5.

GS II: STATES – ASSAM

Protest over citizenship for Hindu migrants

6.

GS III: ECONOMY – STOCKS

Hot-money risks seen rising as India courts ‘bond tourists’

7.

GS III: S&T – SPACE

Indian teen’s satellite soars in Mexico sky

 

GS II: SOCIAL – WOMEN & CHILDREN

Trial in Kathua case moved to Pathankot

  • The Supreme Court transferred the trial in the case of abduction, gangrape and murder of an eight-year-old at Kathua in Jammu and Kashmir to Pathankot district, which is 30 km across the border in the neighbouring State of Punjab.
  • A Special Bench of Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices D.Y. Chandrachud and Indu Malhotra shifted the trial after the victim’s family, the State of Jammu and Kashmir and lawyers for the accused reached consensus.
  • Considering the involvement of many groups and various other aspects, a fair trial would not be possible at Kathua, the Chief Justice recorded in the order.
  • The court ordered the Pathankot district judge to conduct the trial and not delegate it to another court.
  • The apex court ordered a fast-track trial on a day-to-day basis with no adjournments.
  • The trial shall be held under the Ranbir Penal Code.
  • The Jammu and Kashmir government would provide interpreters. The documents would be translated from Urdu to English.
  • The Supreme Court said it would monitor the trial. This means that only the apex court, has jurisdiction to entertain complaints or appeals against the Pathankot District Judge’s orders.

GS II: POLITY – JUDICIARY

MPs move SC on impeachment plea

  • A five-judge Constitution Bench, led by Justice A.K. Sikri, will hear a writ petition filed by Rajya Sabha members calling as “eyewash” Vice-President Venkaiah Naidu’s refusal to admit the motion for removal of Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra on the grounds of abuse of power and forgery.
  • The Bench is composed of Justices S.A. Bobde, N.V. Ramana, Arun Mishra and Adarsh Kumar Goel.
  • The four senior-most judges – Justices Jasti Chelameswar, Ranjan Gogoi, Madan B. Lokur and Kurian Joseph – are not part of the Constitution Bench.
  • Justice Sikri is judge number six in the court.
  • The Bench is decided by the CJI in his administrative capacity as the master of the roster.
  • The four senior-most judges may not have been included on the Bench because one of the charges in the motion is the CJI’s ‘abuse of authority’ as the master of the roster. The four judges had voiced their concern publicly about this issue at their January 12 press meet.
  • The petition said Mr. Naidu acted like a quasi-judicial authority, assuming the mantle of the inquiry committee and dismissing the motion on merits.
Ranbir Penal Code

  • Jammu and Kashmir State Ranbir Penal Code or RPC is a criminal code applicable in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Indian Penal Code is not applicable here under Article 370 of the Constitution of India.
  • The code was introduced during the reign of Dogra dynasty with Ranbir Singh as its ruler (1857-1885).
  • It was made on the lines of Indian Penal Code prepared by Thomas Babington Macaulay.

GS II: HEALTH

New norms for labelling food planned

  • All packaged food with at least 5% content from genetically engineered sources need to be labelled so.
  • Moreover, foods that exceed norms of sugar and fat will need to carry ‘red’ and ‘green’ labels specifying the extent to which they do so, according to draft regulations from the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).
  • Current laws prohibit any GM food – unless cleared by the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee, a Union Environment Ministry body – from being sold in India.
  • Through a 2007 notification, the Environment Ministry had exempted processed foods from this requirement. This has been stayed by the courts.
  • The draft also defines safe levels of fat, sugar and salt in processed food.

GS II: HEALTH

India gets $200 million loan for nutrition mission

  • India signed an agreement with the World Bank for a $200 million loan for implementing the National Nutrition Mission across 315 districts of the country.
  • Approved by the Union Cabinet in 2017, the mission aims at reaching 10 crore beneficiaries, mainly children upto the age of six years, pregnant women and lactating mothers and adolescent girls.
  • The programme will be implemented in three phases between 2017 and 2020 across all districts of the country.
  • The mission targets a 2% reduction in both under-nutrition and low birth weight per annum.
  • It also aims to bring down anaemia among young children, women and adolescent girls by 3% per year until 2020.
  • The government will also strive to reduce the prevalence of stunting from the current level of 38.4% (as per the National Family Health Survey 4) to 25% by 2022.
  • The National Nutrition Mission has an approved budget of Rs. 9,046.17 crore. The total contribution of the Centre will be Rs. 2,849.54 crore and nearly Rs. 1,700 crore will be contributed by the States.
  • The remaining will be funded through the government’s tie-up with multilateral agencies such as the World Bank.
  • The project will include investments in improving the skills and capacities of ICDS staff and community workers.

 

GS II: STATES – ASSAM

Protest over citizenship for Hindu migrants

  • The Joint Parliamentary Committee on the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016 began a hearing in Assam amid protests across the Brahmaputra Valley against the Union government’s alleged move to make the State a “legitimise Hindus who have migrated from Bangladesh after 1971”.
  • Though the Bill, introduced in the Lok Sabha on July 15, 2016seeks to grant citizenship to non-Muslims who had fled persecution in Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, indigenous groups in Assam view it as a move to legitimise post-1971 Hindu migrants.
  • They see it as a violation of the provisions of the Assam Accord of 1985 – it ended a six-year anti-foreigners’ agitation – that prescribes deportation for everyone who entered the State illegally after the midnight of March 24, 1971.

GS III: ECONOMY – STOCKS

Hot-money risks seen rising as India courts ‘bond tourists’

  • A series of measures from the central bank to lure foreign buyers into the country’s short-term debt market could easily backfire, investors fear, exposing the economy to volatile “hot money” flows.
  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) lifted a restriction limiting foreign investors to buying bonds with three years or more to maturity and also gave them access to short-term sovereign treasury bills.
  • The RBI’s lifting of the maturity restriction came after government bonds tanked when sovereign bond auctions failed to attract many buyers, followed by a spike in yields when surprisingly hawkish minutes of a monetary policy meeting raised fears of the RBI hiking interest rates.
  • The new rules have stoked fears of an influx of “bond tourists” and the associated rapid-fire switching in and out of short-term debt by foreign traders.
  • Such volatile flows could make India’s financial markets more vulnerable at a time when the rupee has been the worst performer in the region, high oil prices are driving up the current account deficit, and interest rates could soon rise on heightened inflation risks, investors said.

GS III: S&T – SPACE

Indian teen’s satellite soars in Mexico sky

  • Anitha-SATa lightweight satellite developed by a 17-year-old Plus Two pass out student of R.S.K. Higher Secondary School, Tiruchi, to measure the effects of air pollution and global warming, was launched from Aztra Labs in Mexico City.
  • Villet Oviya, a medical aspirant who appeared for NEET, had named the conical-shaped satellite, weighing just 500 g, after the late Ariyalur student who could not pursue her career in medicine after failing to clear the entrance test.
  • Fitted with a global positioning system and a camera, the satellite was pushed into the troposphere, to a height of 15 km, in a helium balloon.
  • Thereafter, the balloon exploded and the capsule began its descent towards the sea, measuring temperature, air quality and concentration of gases in the strata of atmosphere.
  • Ms. Oviya’s effort was an outcome of participation in a reality TV show ‘Ezham Arivu’ three years ago.

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