News (Text)


When:
June 1, 2018 @ 1:00 am
2018-06-01T01:00:00+05:30
2018-06-01T01:15:00+05:30

NEWS

1 JUNE 2018

Sr. No.

Topic

News

1.

GS II: POLITY – ELECTIONS

BJP loses Kairana LS seat, suffers reverses in Assembly bypolls too

2.

GS III: ECONOMY – INDICATORS

Govt. puts FY18 growth at 6.7%

3.

GS III: ECONOMY – PSU- AIR INDIA

No bids for Air India stake sale, says government

4.

GS II: SOCIAL – PROTEST

Farmer commits suicide ahead of 10-day stir in M.P.

5.

GS II: SOCIAL – HEALTH

Sharp drop in tobacco smoking in India, says WHO report

6.

GS II: BILATERAL  -INDIA-USA

U.S. renames Pacific Command

GS II: POLITY – ELECTIONS

BJP loses Kairana LS seat, suffers reverses in Assembly bypolls too

  • A united Opposition wrested the Kairana and Bhandara-Gondia Lok Sabha seats from the BJP, which managed to hold on to Palghar in Maharashtra while its ally NDPP won the lone Nagaland seat in the lower House.
  • In a setback for the BJP, the party could win only a single Assembly seat in Uttarakhand while the Congress and other Opposition parties secured the remaining 10 across nine States.
  • Kairana is the third straight defeat for the BJP in Lok Sabha bypolls in U.P. after Phulpur and Gorakhpur.

GS III: ECONOMY – INDICATORS

Govt. puts FY18 growth at 6.7%

  • Stronger growth of 7.7% in the fourth-quarter GDP estimates for 2017-18, driven in large part by the manufacturing and construction sectorsled to an upward revision in the GDP growth projection for the full year to 6.7%, official data released show.
  • The fourth-quarter growth was the strongest in the entire financial year 2017-18, with the economy expanding by 5.6% in the first quarter, at a 6.3% pace in the second, and by 7% in the October-December period.
  • The government had earlier forecast full-year growth at 6.6%.
  • Growth in 2017-18 was notwithstanding the upward revision, however, still slower than the 7.1% pace posted in 2016-17.

GS III: ECONOMY – PSU- AIR INDIA

No bids for Air India stake sale, says government

  • The government’s effort to privatise Air India came to an abrupt halt as it received zero bids from potential playersuntil the last day to submit expression of interest in the national carrier.
  • The government will now go back to the drawing board to revise some of the key terms of its stake sale.
  • The group of ministers, or the Air India Specific Alternate Mechanism, constituted to prepare a strategy for disinvestment of the national carrier is expected to meet within “a couple of weeks” to chalk out the future course of action.
  • The government had aimed at completing the transaction by the end of the calendar year, which it is set to miss.
  • The government proposed to sell 76% of Air India along with low-cost subsidiary Air India Express and a 50% stake in AISATS, a ground-handling joint venture with Singapore Airport Terminal Services, as a single entity.
  • The new owner will have to take the debt and current liabilities of Rs. 33,392 crore, while the government will park nearly Rs. 25,000 crore in a special purpose vehicle.

   

GS II: SOCIAL – PROTEST

Farmer commits suicide ahead of 10-day stir in M.P.

  • A day before the 10-day ‘Gaon Bandh’ called by farmers’ groups in Madhya Pradesh from June 1, a farmer committed suicide in Raisen district, the third such incident in a week.
  • The earlier two suicides were reported from the State’s tribal-dominated Betul district.
  • The suicide is expected to have a huge impact on the ‘gaon bandh’ agitation from June 1 to 10.
  • During the 10 days, villages will not supply agricultural produce to urban areas.
  • During last year’s agitation, the farmers had dumped tonnes of their produce on the roads and drained several litres of milk, affecting the supply of perishable item to the urban areas.
  • They were demanding appropriate price for their produce and loan waiver.
  • The agitation took an ugly turn when six protesting farmers were shot dead by the police during violence in Mandsaur, the epicentre of the 2017 protests.

GS II: SOCIAL – HEALTH

Sharp drop in tobacco smoking in India, says WHO report

  • From 19.4% in 2000, the prevalence of smoking tobacco in India dropped down to 11.5% in 2005, according to a World Health Organization report release.
  • The report projected the prevalence to drop down further to 9.8% by 2020 and 8.5% by 2025.
  • “The prevalence of tobacco use has decreased more slowly in low and middle-income countries than in high-income countries, because the introduction of strong tobacco control policies by low and middle-income countries is impeded by relentless lobbying from the tobacco industry”, it stated.
  • While the report only covered tobacco usage in the form of smoking, India has a large population of chewing tobacco users, thus posing additional burden.
  • Experts said the decrease therefore is nothing to rejoice over.
  • More than 3/4th tobacco users have it in the chewing form.
  • According to Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General, “Most people know that using tobacco causes cancer and lung disease, but many people are not aware that it also causes heart disease and stroke — the world’s leading killers.”
  • “This ‘World No Tobacco Day’, WHO is drawing attention to the fact that tobacco does not only cause cancer, it quite literally breaks your heart.”
  • Tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure were major causes of cardiovascular diseases, including heart attacks and stroke, contributing to approximately three million deaths a year. But evidence revealed a serious lack of knowledge of the multiple health risks associated with tobacco.

GS II: BILATERAL  -INDIA-USA

U.S. renames Pacific Command

  • The U.S. renamed its strategically important Pacific Command (PACOM) as the U.S. Indo-Pacific Command, in a move widely seen as a public expression of America’s keenness to count India as key partner in its strategic planning.
  • The Trump administration has already been using the term Indo-Pacific instead of Asia-Pacific in official documents.
  • Secretary of Defence James Mattis made the announcement at the change-of-command ceremony in Hawaii.
  • The Indo-Pacific Command is critical for “a region open to investment and free, fair and reciprocal trade, not bound by any nation’s predatory economics or threat of coercion, for the Indo-Pacific has many belts and many roads,” Mr. Mattis said,alluding to China’s ‘One Belt, One Road’ policy for the region, and echoing Indian concerns about it.
  • The U.S. and India have different ideas of what constitutes the Indo-Pacific — India includes the whole Indian Ocean region, which U.S. CENTCOM and AFRICOM cover as well.
  • India is also currently caught in the crossfire of anti-Russian sanctions mandated by the U.S. Congress and Mr. Mattis has called for waiver for India though it has significant defence cooperation with Russia.
  • The first ‘two-plus-two’ ministerial dialogue between India and the U.S. is scheduled for July 2018.

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