News (Text)


When:
June 2, 2018 @ 1:00 am
2018-06-02T01:00:00+05:30
2018-06-02T01:15:00+05:30

NEWS

2 JUNE 2018 

Sr. No.

Topic

News

1.

GS II: POLITY – BILL/ACT

Citizenship Bill may have to wait for House nod

2.

GS II: MULTILATERAL

PM affirms India’s ‘strategic autonomy’

3.

GS II: POLITY  – INTER-STATE WATERS

Centre notifies Cauvery authority

4.

GS III: ECONOMY – BANKING

Power firms win court reprieve from RBI’s strict norm on NPAs

5.

GS II: SOCIAL – PUBLIC PROTEST

Rumours on social media trigger tension in Shillong

GS II: POLITY – BILL/ACT

Citizenship Bill may have to wait for House nod

  • The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, is unlikely to be tabled in the monsoon session of Parliament as the Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) that is examining the legislation intends to have wider consultations, its chairperson said.
  • The Bill proposes citizenship to six persecuted minorities — Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Parsis, Christians and Buddhists — from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh who came to India before 2014.
  • There has been strong resistance to the Bill in Assam as it seeks to grant citizenship to non-Muslims from Bangladesh.
  • Several political and civil groups have said the Bill would pave the way for giving citizenship to illegal Hindu immigrants from Bangladesh, in violation of the Assam Accord, 1985.
  • The JPC that visited Assam on May 7 faced protests as indigenous groups see the Bill as a move to legitimise Hindus who have migrated from Bangladesh after 1971.
  • As per the orders of the Supreme Court, the next draft of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) is to be published on June 30, and this has also created hurdles to the passage of the Bill.
  • A total of 3.29 crore people applied for inclusion in the NRC.
  • In the first list, around 1.9 crore names were included.
  • The NRC is being updated to weed out illegal migrants who came to the State after the 1971 war when Bangladesh liberated itself from Pakistan.
  • The cut-off date for NRC is midnight March 24, 1971 and all those who migrated to Assam from Bangladesh before this period would get Indian citizenship as per the Assam Accord.

GS II: MULTILATERAL

PM affirms India’s ‘strategic autonomy’

  • India’s principle of “strategic autonomy” remains strong, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said, drawing an equivalence in ties with Russia, the U.S. and China and cautioning against a “return to the age of great power rivalries,” at a conference in Singapore.
  • In his keynote address at the ‘Shangri-La Dialogue,’ organised by the London-based think-tank International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) and hosted by Singapore, he also called the relationship with China a “multi-layered” one, as he drew out his seven-point vision for the Indo-Pacific region (Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean).
  • The speech by Mr. Modi, the first Indian Prime Minister to have accepted an invitation to address the Shangri-La dialogue, which draws Defence Ministers from the Asia-Pacific region each year, was awaited with much anticipation due to the timing of the conference.
  • In 2017, India has increased its engagement with the ASEAN region, joined a quadrilateral grouping with the U.S., Japan and Australia for the Indo-Pacific, as well as reached out to China and Russia and will join the SCO grouping in June 2018.
  • Amid India’s varied strategic moves, as well as the flux in the region, Mr. Modi’s speech was expected to clarify India’s position on the “Indo-Pacific” strategy which is often seen as a platform to contain China’s moves in the South China Sea.
  • However, Mr. Modi denied the Indo-Pacific was part of a strategy and called it a “natural” geographical region,placing the 10 countries of South East Asia (ASEAN) at the centre of the forum.

GS II: POLITY  – INTER-STATE WATERS

Centre notifies Cauvery authority

  • Days after the Karnataka Assembly election results and three months after the Supreme Court’s order, the Union government issued a notification for the Cauvery Water Management Authority.
  • The authority will decide water-sharing among Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Puducherry.
  • The authority’s mandate will be to monitor the storage, apportion shares, supervise operation of reservoirs and regulate water releases with the assistance of the Regulation Committee.
  • It will regulate water release by Karnataka at the the Biligundulu gauge and discharge station located on the common border of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
  • It will determine the total residual storage in the specified reservoirs on June 1 every year.
  • “If the Authority finds that any Government of the party States, namely Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Union territory of Puducherry do not cooperate in implementing the decision or direction of the Tribunal, it can seek the help of the Central Government for implementation of the Award of the Tribunal as modified by the Hon’ble Supreme Court vide Order of 16th February, 2018,” the notification says.
  • The chairman of the authority will be appointed by the Central government for a tenure of five years. He has to be a senior and eminent engineer with wide experience in water resource management or an IAS officer in the rank of secretary or additional secretary.
  • There will be two part-time members — representatives of the Central Government of the rank of Joint Secretary to be nominated by the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation and Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare respectively and four part-time members from party States — administrative secretaries in charge of Water Resource Departments of Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and the union territory of Puducherry who shall be nominated by the State governments and Union territory administration respectively.

GS III: ECONOMY – BANKING

Power firms win court reprieve from RBI’s strict norm on NPAs

  • In a major relief to the stressed power sector, the Allahabad High Court has ruled that a Reserve Bank of India (RBI) circular mandating that an account be categorised as being in default if there was even a day’s delay in servicing debt would not be applicable to the power sector for the time being.
  • The Court directed the finance ministry to hold meetings in June 2018 with power producers to hear their contention.
  • In a circular dated 12 February 2018, the RBI directed banks to classify even one-day delay in debt servicing as default and asked lenders to put a resolution plan in place within 180 days of default for accounts where the exposure exceeds Rs. 2,000 crore.
  • In the power sector, 34 projects with capacity of more than 40,000 MW are classified as ‘stressed’, according to the Department of Financial Services.
  • “The power sector is not a free market, it’s a regulated market where fuel supply, PPAs, regulatory clearance, payments by discoms are determined by the government agencies,” said the CEO of a power firm, on condition of anonymity. “The new promoter will also have the same set of problems unless these issues are resolved.”

GS II: SOCIAL – PUBLIC PROTEST

Rumours on social media trigger tension in Shillong

  • Rumours on social media about the death of a tribal man led to communal tensions in Meghalaya’s capital Shillong, forcing the authorities to impose curfew in parts of the city.
  • An incident of eve-teasing, allegedly involving a bus conductor and a girl of the locality, was said to have triggered the clash between the local tribals and Hindi-speaking Dalits.
  • Some claimed a fight started after women of the locality objected to the parking of a bus that blocked their way to a water collection point.
  • In the scuffle, a tribal boy in the bus got injured.
  • But a rumour that a local person had died went viral on social media, following which scores of people marched to the Sweeper’s Lane in Shillong.
  • Police had to use tear gas to disperse the crowd.

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