News (Text)


When:
June 6, 2018 @ 1:00 am
2018-06-06T01:00:00+05:30
2018-06-06T01:15:00+05:30

NEWS

6 JUNE 2018 

Sr. No.

Topic

News

1.

GS III: SECURITY

‘Army will abide by govt. peace plan’

2.

GS II: POLITY – BILL/ACT

Centre not to file counter-affidavit on Article 35A

3.

GS III: ENVIRONMENT – POLLUTION

Nitrogen emissions going up: study

4.

GS III: ENVIRONMENT – POLLUTION

India’s per capita plastic use among lowest: Modi

5.

GS II: INTERNATIONAL – ASIA

Sentosa to host Trump-Kim meet

6.

GS II: INTERNATIONAL – ASIA

Iran to boost uranium enrichment

7.

GS III: ENERGY

‘Will achieve 175 GW renewable energy target well before 2022’

8.

GS III: ECONOMY – STOCKS

Cross-holding norms issued for rating firms

9.

GS : PERSONALITIES

Assam boy is India’s youngest writer at 4

10.

GS III: S&T – SPACE

NASA looking for firms to run space station

  GS III: SECURITY

‘Army will abide by govt. peace plan’

  • The decision to suspend military operations in Jammu and Kashmir during the month of Ramzan was a government decision and would be respected by all, Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said .
  • Recently, the Directors-General of Military Operations of India and Pakistan agreed to implement the 2003 ceasefire agreement in “letter and spirit.”

GS II: POLITY – BILL/ACT

Centre not to file counter-affidavit on Article 35A

  • The Centre has decided not to file any “counter-affidavit” on Article 35A, which has been challenged in the Supreme Court through a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) petition.
  • Article 35A allows the Jammu and Kashmir legislature to decide the “permanent residents” of the State, prohibits a non-State resident from buying property in the State and ensures reservation in employment for residents.
  • Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti and the former Chief Minister, Omar Abdullah, had objected to any tinkering with the provision.
  • On July 17, 2017, the court recorded: “Learned Attorney General, representing the Union of India, states that a conscious decision has been taken not to file any counter-affidavit in this case because the issues, which are raised for adjudication, are pure questions of law.”
  • Article 35A was incorporated into the Constitution by an order of the then President Rajendra Prasad on the advice of the Jawaharlal Nehru Cabinet in 1954.
  • It grants a special status to Jammu and Kashmir.
  • The Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order followed the 1952 Delhi Agreement between Nehru and the then Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, Sheikh Abdullah, which extended Indian citizenship to the ‘State subjects’ of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Ms. Mufti said earlier that any attempt to tinker with Article 35(A) would have repercussions, and “India will not get a shoulder to carry its national flag in Jammu and Kashmir.”
  • The petition, filed by We The Citizens, said Article 35A is against the “very spirit of oneness of India” as it creates a “class within a class of Indian citizens.”
  • A second petition, filed by Jammu and Kashmir resident Charu Wali Khanna, has challenged Article 35A for protecting certain provisions of the Jammu and Kashmir Constitution, which restrict the basic right to property if a native woman marries a man not holding a permanent resident certificate.

GS III: ENVIRONMENT – POLLUTION

Nitrogen emissions going up: study

  • Nitrogen particles make up the largest fraction of PM2.5, the class of pollutants closely linked to cardiovascular and respiratory illness, says the first-ever quantitative assessment of nitrogen pollution in India.
  • While the burning of crop residue is said to be a key contributor to winter smog in many parts of North India, it contributes over 240 million kg of nitrogen oxides (NOx: a generic term for the nitrogen oxides that are most relevant for air pollution, namely nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide) and about 7 million kg of nitrous oxide (N2O) a year.
  • Though agriculture remains the largest contributor to nitrogen emissions, the non-agricultural emissions of nitrogen oxides and nitrous oxide are growing rapidly, with sewage and fossil-fuel burning — for power, transport and industry — leading the trend.
  • Indian NOx emissions grew at 52% from 1991 to 2001 and 69% from 2001 to 2011.
  • As fertilizer, nitrogen is one of the main inputs for agriculture, but inefficiencies along the food chain mean about 80% of nitrogen is wasted, contributing to air and water pollution plus greenhouse gas emissions, thereby causing threats for human health, ecosystems and livelihoods,” Dr. Raghuram said at a conference to mark World Environment Day.
  • Agricultural soils contributed to over 70% of N2O emissions from India in 2010, followed by waste water (12%) and residential and commercial activities (6%).
  • Since 2002, N2O has replaced methane as the second largest Greenhouse Gas (GHG) from Indian agriculture.
  • Chemical fertilizers (over 82% of it is urea) account for over 77% of all agricultural N2O emissions in India, while manure, compost and so on make up the rest.
  • Most of the fertilizers consumed (over 70%) go into the production of cereals, especially rice and wheat, which accounts for the bulk of N2O emissions from India.
  • Cattle account for 80% of the ammonia production, though their annual growth rate is 1%, due to a stable population.
  • India is globally the biggest source of ammonia emission, nearly double that of NOx emissions.
  • But at the current rate of growth, NOx emissions will exceed ammonia emissions and touch 8.8 tonnes by 2055, the report says.
  • The poultry industry, on the other hand, with an annual growth rate of 6%, recorded an excretion of reactive nitrogen compounds of 0.415 tonnes in 2016.
  • That is anticipated to increase to 1.089 tonnes by 2030.
  • The authors suggest that nutrient recovery/recycling from waste water for agriculture could cut down N2O emissions from sewage and waste water by up to 40%.

GS III: ENVIRONMENT – POLLUTION

India’s per capita plastic use among lowest: Modi

  • India has among the lowest per capita consumption of plastic in the world, “much lower” than that of many developed countries, said Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the World Environment Day celebrations.
  • He, however, said India was committed to reducing the use of plastic and would join the Clean Seas programme — a Sweden-led initiative to reduce littering of marine ecosystems.
  • The theme for this year’s Environment Day, organised in partnership with the United Nations Environmental Programme, is “Beat plastic pollution”.
  • India is the global host nation for the 43rd edition of this event.
  • He said that as part of Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), India was committed to reducing 33-35% of emission intensity of its GDP from 2005 to 2030.
  • According to the Central Pollution Control Board, India generates about 15,000 tonnes of plastic waste every day, of which about 40% remains uncollected.
  • About 70% of the plastic packaging products become “waste” in a short span of time.
  • While plastics have a wide variety of applications, the global rally is against the so-called “single use” or disposable plastic — used in bottles, cups, wrapping paper and bags. Together, they account for over half the plastic produced.
  • The Environment Ministry, two years ago, notified plastic waste management rules that sought to control the manufacture of the particular kind of plastics.
  • However, several States and city corporations have been unable to effectively enforce the rules — particularly the provision that bans the use of bags less than 50 microns thick.

GS II: INTERNATIONAL – ASIA

Sentosa to host Trump-Kim meet

  • The much-vaunted summit between U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean ruler Kim Jong-un will take place on Singapore’s resort island of Sentosa, the White House said.
  • Sentosa is home to palm-fringed beaches, casinos, tourist sites and some of the best golf courses in Asia.
  • Sources familiar with the arrangements said that American diplomats had picked the island resort, which is connected to the Singapore main island by a single causeway that can be easily closed off to traffic

GS II: INTERNATIONAL – ASIA

Iran to boost uranium enrichment

  • Iran said on Tuesday that it has launched a plan to boost uranium enrichment capacity with new centrifuges, raising the pressure on European diplomats scrambling to rescue the nuclear deal after Washington pulled out.
  • “If conditions allow, maybe tomorrow night at Natanz, we can announce the opening of the centre for production of new centrifuges,” said Vice-President Ali Akbar Salehi, head of the Iranian Atomic Energy Organisation, according to news agency Fars.
  • “What we are doing does not violate the (2015 nuclear) agreement,” he said, adding that a letter was submitted to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) “yesterday regarding the start of certain activities”. He specified this was just the start of the production process and “does not mean that we will start assembling the centrifuges”.
  • Under the 2015 nuclear agreement that Iran signed with world powers, it can build and test parts for advanced centrifuges, but specific restrictions exist on what technology can be researched and in what quantity within the first decade of the deal. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu reacted swiftly to Mr. Salehi’s announcement, charging that Iran’s aim was “unlimited enrichment of uranium to create an arsenal of nuclear bombs” to destroy his country.
  • Under the 2015 agreement, Iran is permitted to enrich uranium to 3.67%. It has previously stated it could “within days” return to enrichment of 20%.

GS III: ENERGY

‘Will achieve 175 GW renewable energy target well before 2022’

  • India will reach its target of 175 GW of renewable energy capacity well before the deadline of 2022, Power and Renewable Energy Minister R.K. Singh said on Tuesday. Bids for the entire amount will be completed by 2020 itself, he added.
  • The government would also achieve complete household electrification by the end of this calendar year, he said.
  • ‘Path-breaking’
  • “The last four years have been path-breaking if you compare it to the rate of progress in the previous 48 years,” Mr. Singh said at a press conference on the achievements of his ministries.
  • “In the 48 years before 2014, the pace of capacity addition in generation was about 4,800 MW a year. In the 48 months of this government, the pace of capacity addition was 24,000 MW a year. That’s 4.8 times. We added 1 lakh MW, from 2.44 lakh MW to 3.44 lakh MW.” “We are focussing electrification on those households that belong to backward communities, including SC and ST households,” the Minister said on the government’s household electrification scheme.
  • “The target was March 31, 2019, but we have been told by the Prime Minister that we must complete it by December 31, 2018, and we will. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Odisha are to be congratulated for their progress in this area.” On renewable energy target, Mr. Singh said the government hoped to touch 225 GW by 2022.

GS III: ECONOMY – STOCKS

Cross-holding norms issued for rating firms

  • Markets regulator SEBI has imposed a 10% cap on cross-shareholding in credit rating agencies, raised their net worth requirement to ?25 crore from ?5 crore and disallowed an agency from having a seat on a rival’s board.
  • The new norms are likely to have an impact on global rating agencies like S&P, Moody’s and Fitch which have significant holdings in domestic agencies besides their direct presence.
  • SEBI has issued new rules under which a credit rating agency (CRA) will not, directly or indirectly, have more than 10% of shareholding or voting rights in another CRA and would not have representation on the board of the other CRA.
  • ‘Permission needed’
  • Further, SEBI’s prior approval would be needed for acquisition of shares or voting rights in a CRA that results in change in control.
  • A shareholder with 10% stake or voting rights in a CRA will not hold similar holding or voting rights in any other CRA. This restriction will not apply to holdings by Pension Funds, Insurance schemes and Mutual Fund schemes.
  • The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has given three years to existing CRAs to comply with the net worth requirement.

GS : PERSONALITIES

Assam boy is India’s youngest writer at 4

  • Ayan Gogoi Gohain was unable to speak after his third birthday. Today, at 4, he is the author of a book of anecdotes.
  • The India Book of Records had in May 2018 adjudged Ayan as India’s youngest author.
  • But he never wrote a word; he recorded his daily experiences through an app he made his mother download on her mobile phone and shared the audio clips with his grandfather via WhatsApp for safekeeping.
  • He started drawing at 1 but could not speak until he was past 3. We thought he was aurally-impaired but were surprised when one fine day he began speaking in perfect sentences.
  • “We speak in Assamese at home, but he picked up English possibly from Japanese cartoons because he speaks with an accent. We never realised how he expanded his vocabulary and brushed up his grammar,” his mother said.
  • Delhi-based Authors Press published his anecdotes as a book titled Honeycomb in January 2018.
  • The 80-page book has 30 anecdotes and 30 accompanying illustrations by Ayan. He had made some of these illustrations earlier while a few were added according to the storyline.

GS III: S&T – SPACE

NASA looking for firms to run space station

  • The head of the U.S. space agency, NASA, is in talks with several global companies about taking over day-to-day operations at the International Space Station in the coming years, U.S. media said.
  • The White House said earlier in 2018 it would end direct funding of the orbiting outpost by 2025, a position that raised fierce opposition among some lawmakers.
  • The annual U.S. investment in the space lab ranges from $3 to $4 billion.
  • The football-field-sized space lab — which includes Russia, Japan, Canada and partners from Europe— has been continuously occupied by astronauts since the year 2000.
  • It cost $100 billion to build and orbits some 250 miles (400 kilometers) above the Earth.

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