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When:
June 3, 2017 @ 10:00 am
2017-06-03T10:00:00+05:30
2017-06-03T10:15:00+05:30

NEWS

3 JUNE 2017

Sr. No.

Topic

News

1.       

GS II: INTERNATIONAL – USA

Trump pulls US out of Paris climate pact, hits out at China, India

2.       

GS III: DISASTER MANAGEMENT

Odisha may give lessons in disaster preparedness

3.       

GS III: DEFENCE

Prithvi-II missile successfully test-fired

4.       

GS III: DEFENCE

Army to induct 18 Dhanush artillery guns this year

5.       

GS III: S&T – SPACE

ISRO abuzz over heavy-lift rocket launch on June 5

6.       

GS II: SOCIAL – CHILDREN

India has 31% of world’s poor kids: report

7.       

GS II: BILATERAL – INDIA-USA

Second World War artefacts set to fly to the U.S.

8.       

GS I : HISTORY

Netaji file is not closed: Centre

9.       

GS III: ECONOMY – POLICY

‘Govt. keen to resolve AI issue’

10.     

GS III: ECONOMY – GST

GST Council set to discuss July 1 deadline

GS II: INTERNATIONAL – USA

Trump pulls US out of Paris climate pact, hits out at China, India

  • TheParis climate agreementgives undue advantage to India and China at the cost of the Unite States’ interests, President Donald Trump said, announcing America’s withdrawal from the pact.
  • “Chinawill be allowed to build hundreds of additional coal plants. So we can’t build the plants, but they can, according to this agreement.India will be allowedto double its coal production by 2020. Think of it: India can double their coal production. We’re supposed to get rid of ours,” the President said, adding that the agreement “is less about the climate and more about other countries gaining a financial advantage over the U.S.”
  • According to Mr. Trump, the Paris agreement would lead to a redistribution of American wealth to other countries and transfer of American jobs abroad.
  • His predecessorBarack Obama had argued that by promoting a global climate regime, the U.S would create wealth and jobs at home. He had showcased the Indian and Chinese endorsement of the Paris accord as a key diplomatic success of his presidency.
  • Turning that argument on its head, Mr. Trump said the agreement was “very unfair, at the highest level, to the United States.” “For example, under the agreement, China will be able to increase these emissions by a staggering number of years — 13. They can do whatever they want for 13 years. Not us. India makes its participation contingent on receiving billions and billions and billions of dollars in foreign aid from developed countries,” Mr. Trump said.
  • “Thus, as of today, the United States will cease all implementation of the non-binding Paris Accord and the draconian financial and economic burdens the agreement imposes on our country,” the President said.
  • Carbon reduction targets that American set under Paris commitment aimed to reduce emissions by 26-28% in a decade.
  • America has stopped contributing to the Green Climate Fund set up under the Paris agreement to support developing countries meet their commitment. The Obama administration had committed $ 3 billion to the fund of which $1 billion has been transferred.
  • Mr. Obama condemned the decision. “It was steady, principled American leadership on the world stage that made that achievement possible,” he said of the Paris agreement. “…. And what made that leadership and ambition possible was America’s private innovation and public investment in growing industries like wind and solar – industries that created some of the fastest new streams of good-paying jobs in recent years, and contributed to the longest streak of job creation in our history,” the former President said.

Green Climate Fund (GCF)

  • It is a fund established in 2010 within the framework of the UNFCCC founded as a mechanism to assist developing countries in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change.
  • The GCF is based in the new Songdo district of Incheon, South Korea.
  • “The Green Climate Fund will support projects, programmes, policies and other activities in developing country Parties.
  • It is intended to be the centrepiece of efforts to raise Climate Finance of $100 billion a year by 2020. This is not an official figure for the size of the Fund itself, however.
  • Disputes also remain as to whether the funding target will be based on public sources, or whether “leveraged” private finance will be counted towards the total.

GS III: DISASTER MANAGEMENT

Odisha may give lessons in disaster preparedness

  • Credited with pioneering works in the field of disaster management in the country, Odisha may impart lessons on cyclone preparedness to 14 Pacific island nations that are hit by tropical cyclones at regular intervals.
  • The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) had approached the State to give training to executives from these nations.
  • After losing over 10,000 people in the 1999 super cyclone, Odisha has continuously added to its manpower and infrastructure needs for disaster preparedness.
  • Thanks to this meticulousness, the toll in the State after Phailin in 2013 was 21.
  • When a cyclone is forecast to hit the Odisha coast, Stte Disaster Management Authority (SDMA) lays emphasis on micro-level preparedness, besides macro-planning.
  • Even at the village level, a list of pregnant women and the differently-abled people is prepared. This helps in evacuations and handling of emergency situations at hospitals.
  • Odisha has been training the local communities on how to deal with disasters. Village-level volunteers are trained as first responders.
  • The Odisha Disaster Rapid Action Force (ODRAF) has been in the forefront of rescue activities during disasters in other States
  • Odisha has also adopted a ‘Mission Zero Casualty’ policy for all disasters.

GS III: DEFENCE

Prithvi-II missile successfully test-fired

  • India successfully test-fired its indigenously developed nuclear-capable Prithvi-II missile from a test range in Odisha as part of a user trial by the Army.
  • The trial of the surface-to-surface missile, which has a strike range of 350 km, was carried out from a mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur, Odisha.
  • The Prithvi-II missile is capable of carrying 500 kg to 1,000 kg of warheads and is thrusted by liquid propulsion twin engines.
  • It uses advanced inertial guidance system with manoeuvring trajectory to hit its target with precision and accuracy.
  • The state-of-the-art missile was randomly chosen from the production stock and the entire launch activities were carried out by the specially formed strategic force command (SFC) and monitored by the scientists of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as part of training exercise, a DRDO scientist said.
  • Inducted into Indian armed forces in 2003, the single-stage liquid-fuelled Prithvi II is the first missile to have been developed by the DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme.

Strategic Forces Command (SFC)

It was created in 2003 through an executive order by Vajpayee Government.

It forms part of India’s Nuclear Command Authority (NCA).

It is responsible for the management and administration of the country’s tactical and strategic nuclear weapons stockpile.

Nuclear Command Authority (NCA) 

  • It is India’s nodal authority responsible for command, control and operational decisions regarding India’s nuclear weapons programme established in 2003.
  • It has Executive Council and Political Council.
  • The Executive Council is chaired by the National Security Adviser (NSA). It gives inputs to the Political Council, which authorises a nuclear attack if need be.
  • The Political Council is chaired by the Prime Minister and is advised by the Executive Council.
  • The NCA’s directives are executed by the Strategic Forces Command


GS III: DEFENCE

Army to induct 18 Dhanush artillery guns this year

  • The first regiment of 18 Dhanush artillery guns, the indigenously upgraded variant of the Swedish Bofors guns, is scheduled to be inducted into the Army by the end of the year.
  • Dhanush has undergone extensive trials in various conditions, and is now in the final leg of battery trials.
  • The Army has placed an initial order for 114 guns. “The first regiment of 18 guns will be inducted in 2017, another 36 guns in 2018 and 60 guns in 2019, completing the initial order,” an Army source said.
  • It is a medium gun with a maximum range of 40 km, and has a high angle of attackSo it can be deployed in both deserts and mountains,” the source added.
  • Dhanush is an upgraded version, based on the original design of the Swedish 155-mm Bofors howitzers, which India procured in the mid-1980s. It is a 155-mm, 45-calibre gun with a maximum range of 40 km in salvo mode, compared to the 39-calibre, 27-km range of the original guns.
  • OFB officials said it was 80% indigenous, and is manufactured by the ordnance factory in Jabalpur.

GS III: S&T – SPACE

ISRO abuzz over heavy-lift rocket launch on June 5

  • ISRO’s GSLV-Mk III-D1 rocket, carrying communication satellite GSAT-19 weighing 3,136 kgs, is scheduled for launch on June 5, 2017.
  • The indigenous GSLV-Mark III makes a bid to breach a heavy-lift rocket club that can put four-tonne satellites into space. The U.S., Russia, Europe, China and Japan are already there.
  • It will mean that soon, Indian communication satellites can be lofted into space from within the country. It will also improve ISRO’s ability to reach heavier satellites to both – the higher geostationary transfer orbit or GTO of 36,000 km; and to low-Earth orbit or LEO of up to 800 km.
  • What we now have with MkII is capability for lifting 2.2 tonnes to GTO. This rocket will give us a higher weight capability than what we now have, for both GTO and LEO.
  • The need for a 4T launcher has become urgent in recent years. The first and second generation Indian communication spacecraft used until the late 1990s were around 2,000 kg (two tonnes) with about 24 transponders. Today they are over 3 tonnes and carry more transponders.

Panoramic view of the GSLV-Mk III-D1 being moved to the second launch pad in Sriharikota

Geosynchronous transfer orbit or geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) 

  • It is a Hohmann transfer orbit used to reach geosynchronous or geostationary orbit using high thrust chemical engines.
  • Geosynchronous orbits (GSO) are useful for various civilian and military purposes, but demand a great deal of Delta-v to attain.
  • Since, for station-keeping, satellites intended for this orbit typically carry highly efficient but low thrust engines, total mass delivered to GSO is generally maximized if the launch vehicle provides only the Delta-v required to be at high thrust–i.e., to escape Earth’s atmosphere and overcome gravitational losses–and the satellite provides the Delta-v required to turn the resulting intermediate orbit, which is the GTO, into the useful GSO.

GS II: SOCIAL – CHILDREN

India has 31% of world’s poor kids: report

  • About 31% of the world’s “multidimensionally poor” children live in India, according to a new report by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), a poverty reduction project grounded in economist Amartya Sen’s ‘capability approach’.
  • “India is followed by Nigeria (8%), Ethiopia (7%) and Pakistan (6%),” noted the survey, titled ‘Global Multidimensional Poverty Index [MPI], 2017′.
  • In terms of the number of such multidimensionally poor children as a proportion of the total population, India stood 37th among 103 countries.
  • OPHI is an economic research centre at the Oxford University, led by Professor Sabina Alkire, and the study is based on a survey conducted among 103 countries.
  • A “multidimensionally poor” child is one who lacks at least one-third of ten indicators, grouped into three dimensions of poverty: health, education and standard of living.
  • The health dimension comprises indicators such as nutrition, child mortality, and education.
  • Under standard of living are indicators such as access to cooking fuel, improved sanitation, safe drinking water, electricity, flooring, and asset ownership.
  • Out of India’s 217 million (21.7 crore) children, 49.9% were multidimensionally poor. However, the survey pointed out that the data for India were “somewhat outdated”, being based on the Indian Human Development Survey of 2011-2012.
  • More than 528 million (52.8 crore) Indians are poor, which is more people than all the poor people living in Sub-Saharan Africa combined,” the survey noted. It further stated that nearly 50% of the children in 103 countries were multidimensionally poor.
  • As for the intensity of poverty, the average percentage of deprivation in terms of the 10 MPI categories was highest in Sub-Saharan Africa, where multidimensionally poor children were “simultaneously deprived” in 58% of the indicators.
  • Sub-Saharan Africa was followed by the region described as the Arab States (53%). South Asia occupied the third spot, with children deprived in 49% of the MPI indicators.

GS II: BILATERAL – INDIA-USA

Second World War artefacts set to fly to the U.S.

  • Starting a rare bilateral exercise, India in June will return the mortal remains of American aviators who had perished in the Arunachal Himalayas during World War II.
  • In an announcement, the Ministry of External Affairs said a joint team of the U.S. Department of Defence Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Accounting Agency (DPAA) and the Anthropological Survey of India (AnSI) had confirmed that the recovered remains were genuine.
  • A lot of remains of the missing soldiers could be recovered as human skeletal remains can survive for centuries.
  • Most of the crashed aircraft belonged to China National Air Corporation (CNAC), founded by the nationalist Chinese government of Chiang Kai Shek.
  • It employed a large number of American and nationalist Chinese soldiers and aviators who were tasked with bringing war supplies from British-ruled India to China. But during the operation, which included thousands of flights across the high altitude Arunachal Himalayas, many planes crashed.
  • In recent years, American family members have demanded the return of physical remains.

GS I : HISTORY

Netaji file is not closed: Centre

  • Days after it said in an RTI response that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose died in 1945 in a plane crash in Taiwan, the Home Ministry said that the reply was based on a “conclusion arrived at by the then UPA government in 2006” and it was willing to examine any new facts if they came up in future.
  • The government’s clarification on the founder of the Indian National Army came after West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee attacked the NDA government for handling the matter “casually.”
  • “After considering the reports of the Shahnawaz Committee, the Justice G.D. Khosla Commission and Justice Mukherjee Commission of Enquiry, the Government has come to the conclusion that Netaji has died in a plane crash in 1945,” said the reply to the RTI query filed by activist Sayak Sen.
  • The official said that instead of “has,” the reply should have said, “had,” which made it suggest that the government had come to a conclusion about Netaji’s death.

GS III: ECONOMY – POLICY

‘Govt. keen to resolve AI issue’

  • The Centre is keen on finding a lasting solution for the debt-laden public sector behemoth Air India (AI), including a possible disinvestment but still needs to take a call on four major issues to decide its future, said Arvind Panagariya, vice-chairperson, NITI Aayog.

1.     “Firstly, the government has to take a decision on whether or not to privatise (Air India),” he said.

2.     “Assuming that the decision is made to privatise, then the issue comes what is the universe of potential buyers… is it only the national buyers or will we allow foreign entities also to bid for it,” he said.

3.     Mr. Panagariya said if the Centre decided to privatise Air India, the next issue to be resolved was whether it should retain some stake in it “however small, because there is the issue that it is a national carrier and therefore we should maintain that for national reasons.”

4.     He agreed that the debt of the airline, which he last heard was about Rs. 52,000 crore is “a very very large debt and selling it with current existing debt will be very, very difficult even if the sale is open to both domestic and international buyers.” He said something had to be done on the debt issue. “Perhaps, the question largely is whether the government writes off the entire debt or some part of it… All this needs to be discussed,” he added.

  • The NITI Aayog had sent a set of recommendations to the Civil Aviation Ministry to examine various options for the revival of the state-owned airline, including privatisation.
  • Last week, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said he had called for the disinvestment of Air India when he was in charge of the disinvestment ministry in 1999-2000. “I had said please disinvest Air India, otherwise there will be nothing left to disinvest. This was some 18 years back,” he had said.

GS III: ECONOMY – GST

GST Council set to discuss July 1 deadline

  • The Goods and Services Tax Council will meet on 3rd June 2017 in the capital to finalise tax rates on goods such as textiles, footwear, gold, beedis and cigarettes, biscuits, bio-diesel, and agricultural implements.
  • The Council will also discuss the possibility of postponing the roll out of the new tax regime from the current deadline of July 1,according to officials in the Ministry of Finance.
  • West Bengal Finance Minister Amit Mitra has stressed this week that the state is not entirely prepared to kick off the new tax regime from July.
  • Finance Ministry officials also said that the Council would discuss some revisions in the rates of goods and services already set.

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