News (Text)


When:
October 13, 2018 @ 1:00 am
2018-10-13T01:00:00+05:30
2018-10-13T01:15:00+05:30

NEWS

13 OCTOBER 2018 

Sr. No.

Topic

News

1.

GS III: DISASTER MANAGEMENT

AI plane flies 4 hours with ruptured belly, lands safely

2.

GS II: SOCIAL – WOMEN & CHILDREN

Panel to study issues raised by #MeTooIndia

3.

GS II: SOCIAL – RIGHTS

‘Do you want a country of vegetarians?’

4.

GS II: POLITY – JUDICIARY

Collegium recommends CJs for five High Courts

5.

GS II: POLITY – JUDICIARY

Supreme Court must set example on backlog, says R.M. Lodha

6.

GS III: ECONOMY – INDICATORS

Overhaul GDP norms: MPs

7.

GS III: S&T – BIOTECHNOLOGY

Mission to sequence genes of a ‘large group’ of Indians

8.

GS II: BILATERAL – INDIA-ASIA

PM to pay ‘working visit’ to Japan

9.

GS : PERSONALITIES

Conde wins alternative Nobel

10.

GS III: ECONOMY – INDICATORS

Inflation accelerates marginally

11.

GS III: ECONOMY – INDICATORS

Factory growth slows to 10-month low

12.

SOCIAL – HEALTH

C-section use doubled in India between 2005 and 2015: Lancet


GS III: DISASTER MANAGEMENT

AI plane flies 4 hours with ruptured belly, lands safely

  • A Dubai-bound Air India Express plane, with 136 people on board, was damaged when it hit the boundary wall of the Tiruchi airport while taking off and was airborne for around four hours before it landed safely in Mumbai.
  • The plane had sustained significant damage in its belly, but the pilots continued to fly before being asked to divert to Mumbai.
  • The undercarriage of the Boeing 737-800 hit the antennae of the Instrument Landing System, a navigational aid, and the wheels hit the boundary wall.
  • The two pilots have been suspended.
  • The Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau (AAIB) and the Directorate-General of Civil Aviation are inquiring into the matter.

GS II: SOCIAL – WOMEN & CHILDREN

Panel to study issues raised by #MeTooIndia

  • The government will set up a committee of judges and lawyers to examine the existing legal and institutional framework to deal with complaints of sexual harassment at the workplace, Minister for Women and Child Development Maneka Gandhi announced.
  • The decision comes even as the government is yet to make a statement on allegations by several women journalists against Minister of State for External Affairs M.J. Akbar.
  • “I believe in the pain and trauma behind every single complaint. Cases of sexual harassment at work must be dealt with a policy of zero tolerance. The Ministry will be setting up a committee of senior judicial & legal persons to examine all issues emanating from the #MeTooIndia movement,” Ms. Gandhi tweeted.
  • The Minister said the expert committee would advise the Ministry to strengthen the existing framework.
  • Under the Sexual Harassment at Workplace Act, (Prevention, Prohibition, and Redressal) 2013, it is compulsory for any organisation with 10 or more employees to set up an internal complaints committee (ICC) for addressing complaints of sexual harassment.
  • The committee has powers similar to that of a civil court and have to complete its inquiry within 90 days.
  • To ensure that companies implement the law, the government made it mandatory according to a notification in July 2018 for companies to disclose whether they have constituted an ICC to probe such allegations.

 

 

 

GS II: SOCIAL – RIGHTS

‘Do you want a country of vegetarians?’

  • Hearing a petition for a ban on the “barbaric” meat trade and leather industry, Supreme Court Justice Madan B. Lokur asked whether the objective of the plea is to have a “country full of vegetarians.”
  • A Bench of Justices Lokur and Deepak Gupta was hearing a PIL filed by ‘Healthy Wealthy Ethical World Guide India Trust’ for a “complete ban on the export of all types of meat (including beef, fish, pork, poultry) and all related products, whether by the government or by private parties”.
  • “Meat exports and ancillary leather trade is anti-social, barbaric and the much talked of foreign exchange comes with a huge price at the cost of the nation,” the petitioner contended.
  • Ceontending that the Trust was not opposed to private domestic meat production, the petitioner chose to highlight the “rampant misuse of antibiotics in intensive animal agriculture and the spread of zoonotic diseases.”
  • Meat trade and tanneries seriously affect public health, cause “reduction of our cattle wealth, contamination of the vital public resource of water and unbridled degradation of the environment,” the petitioner said in the plea.

GS II: POLITY – JUDICIARY

Collegium recommends CJs for five High Courts

  • The Supreme Court Collegium led by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi and including Justices Madan B. Lokur and Kurian Joseph has recommended appointment of Justices N.H. Patil and D.K. Gupta as Chief Justices of the Bombay and the Calcutta High Courts.
  • It recommended Justices Ramesh Ranganathan, A.S. Bopanna and Vijai Kumar Bist for appointment as Chief Justices of the High Courts of Uttarakhand, Gauhati and Sikkim, respectively.
  • The three-member Collegium also recommended appointment of three additional judges of the Madras High Courtas permanent judges of that High Court.
  • It recommended making seven additional judges of the Karnataka High Court as permanent judges.
  • It recommended elevation of two advocates as judges of the Kerala High Court.
  • It recommended elevation of two judicial officers to the High Court.

GS II: POLITY – JUDICIARY

Supreme Court must set example on backlog, says R.M. Lodha

  • Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi’s advice that the Chief Justices of the High Courts should ensure that fellow judges do not take leave on working days and remain in court during working hours to clear the backlog of cases,drew a counter-suggestion from one of his predecessors. Former Chief Justice of India R.M. Lodha said the Supreme Court ought to be the first to “set an example” in the matter.
  • “The Supreme Court should first set the example, not just the CJI but the entire court of 24 judges,” said Justice Lodha, who had during his term as CJI mooted a 365-day work calendar for the Supreme Court and the High Courts.
  • “Firstly, the CJI, or for that matter, the Supreme Court has no administrative control over the High Courts in a federal structure. That is our constitutional scheme. CJI cannot give orders, he can only advice” Justice Lodha said.
  • “It has to be left to the High Courts concerned to ensure that the advice is properly implemented.”
  • The former CJI said the effort to trim the backlog should be “collective, collaborative and consensual” among the CJI, Supreme Court judges and the Chief Justices of the various High Courts.
  • “Why is it that such ideas work only for the next two months or so? After that we are back to the same old … judges taking leave at the drop of a hat, do not sit in court the whole day. Assignment imbalances leave many judges with no work,” Justice Lodha said.
  • Justice Lodha said the successive short tenures of CJIs also impeded implementation of their plans. Changes for the better should be institutionalised.
  • “CJIs come and go. Their tenures may be long or short. In my time, and that of Justice S.H. Kapadia’s, discussions were on about framing a Vision Document for future CJIs. We know our line of succession for the next 10 years, so why cannot we prepare a document in consultation with those who will matter for the next 10 years,” Justice Lodha said.
  • “This document would be, broadly, a policy framework of judicial working in the Supreme Court and the High Courts. All that the future CJIs need to do is follow the vision,” the former Chief Justice added.

GS III: ECONOMY – INDICATORS

Overhaul GDP norms: MPs

  • The current manner in which the GDP is measured needs an overhaul as it provides an incomplete estimation of economic activity, a report by the Estimates Committee of Parliament said in a draft report.
  • The report of the committee headed by BJP leader Murli Manohar Joshi could not be adopted after protests from fellow BJP MPs.
  • The current GDP and Gross Value Added measures have also been questioned by Opposition leaders and economists alike.
  • The Opposition even accused the Narendra Modi government of fudging the figures.
  • The committee noted that the GDP calculation did not measure the depletion of natural resources, a point several economists, including former Chief Economic Adviser Arvind Subramanian, have pointed out.
  • The report said the current measure of GDP did not incorporate the economic contributions of women in running households and maintaining accounts; nor did it have any measure of whether an increase in GDP resulted in an increase in happiness.
  • “The Chief Economic Adviser [Arvind Subramanian], in this context, has candidly expressed before the Committee thatGDP, the most frequently used indicator for measuring growth of the economy, has many deficiencies and it has been elevated and given sanctity that, maybe, it does not deserve,” it said.
  • The committee noted that while NITI Aayog had acknowledged that efforts must be made to ensure that GDP growth is combined with sustainability, it had so far not suggested any ways to achieve this.
  • “The Committee, therefore, strongly recommends to evolve indicators/parameters to gauge the environmental resource decay and replenishment efforts made to compensate the loss and also to capture these aspects in measuring GDP and other economic parameters,” the report said.

GS III: S&T – BIOTECHNOLOGY

Mission to sequence genes of a ‘large group’ of Indians

  • India is planning a major mission to sequence the genes of a “large” group of Indians – akin to projects in the U.K., China, Japan and Australia – and use this to improve the health of the population.
  • This was among the key decisions taken by the Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (STIAC) at its first meeting.
  • The Health and Family Welfare Ministry and the Biotechnology Department will be closely associated with the project.
  • Ever since the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research in 2009 announced that it had sequenced the genome of an Indian, then making India one of six countries to achieve such a feat, several research labs have analysed genes from Indians for disease susceptibility. However, no compendium of genes that differentiate Indian populations from, say, Caucasian or African genomes exist.
  • A group of Indian scientists and companies are involved with a 100k GenomeAsia project, led by the National Technological University (NTU), Singapore, to sequence the whole genomes of 100,000 Asians, including 50,000 Indians.
  • “Our lifestyle, our environment and the genes we inherit all combine to make us what we are. The diversity of Indians and of our environment requires a large-scale study of human genomes, of our lifestyle in health and disease and the use of healthy – and disease – samples to understand the impact on health,” said a press statement from the STIAC.
  • The Council acts as a coordinator between several Ministries to work on projects and missions and is scheduled to meet once a month, he said.
  • Key programmes, such as a deep ocean mission, to facilitate ocean science and technologies to help with India’s strategic interests and an Artificial Intelligence and quantum computing mission were also discussed.

 

GS II: BILATERAL – INDIA-ASIA

PM to pay ‘working visit’ to Japan

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will visit Japan on October 28 and 29 to attend the annual bilateral summit with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
  • The visit is being billed as “a working visit“, and the two sides are expected to discuss several agreements on enhancing defence and trade cooperation and hold talks on the “Indo-Pacific” region.
  • Talks are expected on synergising India’s “Act East Policy” with Mr. Abe’s “Free and Open Indo-Pacific Strategy”.
  • During the visit, the Prime Ministers are expected to focus on the early completion of the Mumbai-Ahmedabad bullet train railway line using Japanese ‘Shikansen’ technology, and funded by loans from Japan.
  • A deal for India to buy Japan’s ShinMaywa US-2 amphibious aircraft for search and rescue operations remains on the agenda, as it has been since 2014, but has not made headway yet.

 

 

 

GS : PERSONALITIES

Conde wins alternative Nobel

  • Guadeloupean author Maryse Conde won an alternative award formed in protest to the Nobel Literature Prize, postponed this year over a rape scandal that came to light as part of the #MeToo movement.
  • The New Academy Prize in Literature was formed in protest to denounce what its founders called the “bias, arrogance and sexism” of the venerable Swedish Academy, which selects Nobel laureates.
  • The Swedish Academy was plunged into turmoil in 2017 over its ties to Frenchman Jean-Claude Arnault, who was jailed for two years in early October 2018 for rape.
  • Ms. Conde “describes the ravages of colonialism and post-colonial chaos in a language which is both precise and overwhelming,” the New Academy – founded by more than 100 Swedish writers, artists and journalists – said more than a week after the Nobel Literature Prize would have been announced.
  • Swedish librarians nominated 47 authors, who were later voted on by nearly 33,000 people from around the world, leaving four authors – two women and two men – on the short list.

 

GS III: ECONOMY – INDICATORS

Inflation accelerates marginally

  • Consumer price inflation, as measured by the consumer price index (CPI), accelerated marginally in September 2018 to 3.77% from 3.69% in August 2018. Within this, inflation in the food and beverages segment quickened to 1.08% from 0.78% over the same period.

 

GS III: ECONOMY – INDICATORS

Factory growth slows to 10-month low

  • The Index of Industrial Production (IIP) slowed to a 10-month low of 4.3% in August 2018, due in large part to a drastic deceleration in the manufacturing, mining, and consumer durables sectors, according to official data.
  • The starkest slowdown, was in the consumer durables sector, which saw growth come down to 5.2% in August from 14.36% in the previous month.

SOCIAL – HEALTH

C-section use doubled in India between 2005 and 2015: Lancet

  • The number of babies born in India through caesarean section increased from 9% in 2005-6 to 18.5% in 2015-16, according to a series of three papers published in The Lancet journal, which also found that C-section use almost doubled worldwide between 2000 and 2015.
  • While the surgery is still unavailable for many women and children in low-income countries and regions, the procedure is overused in many middle-and high-income settings, said researchers.
  • Inter-state differences in India ranged from 7% to 49%.
  • C-section is a life-saving intervention for women and newborns when complications occur, such as bleeding, foetal distress, hypertensive disease, and babies in abnormal position.
  • However, the surgery is not without risk for mother and child, and is associated with complications in future births,researchers said.
  • It is estimated that 10-15% of births medically require a C-section due to complications, suggesting that average C-section use should lie between these levels.
  • In at least 15 countries, C-section use exceeds 40%, researchers said.

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