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December 28, 2018 @ 11:30 am
2018-12-28T11:30:00+05:30
2018-12-28T11:45:00+05:30

NEWS

28 DECEMBER 2018


Daily Current Affairs based on ‘The Hindu’ newspaper compiled by Ms. Bilquees Khatri with topics & papers as per syllabus of UPSC Civil Services (Mains) Examination


Sr. No.

Topic

News

1.

GS II: POLITY – BILL/ACT

Amid protests, triple talaq Bill passed

2.

GS II: POLITY – BILL/ACT

Shah Bano case echoes in LS

3

GS II: POLITY – BILL/ACT

SC didn’t mandate govt. to frame triple talaq law

4.

GS III: DISASTER MANAGEMENT

2 sailors killed in Kochi accident

5.

GS I : CULTURE

Horse lovers throng Chetak festival

6

GS III: ENVIRONMENT – BIODIVERSITY

River Dolphins go missing in Sunderbans as water salinity rises

7.

GS II: POLITY – STATES – NRC

Centre extends deadline to update NRC

8.

GS I: CULTURE

Karmapa kept New Delhi in the dark

9.

GS II: BILATERAL – INDIA-ASIA

Bhutan to focus on development

10.

GS II: INTERNATIONAL – ASIA

Parties end bitter campaign in Bangladesh

11.

GS II: GOVERNANCE – POLICY

‘Business models, investment channels will have to change’

12.

GS III: ECONOMY – BANKING

Seven PSBs to receive Rs. 28,615 crore from Centre

13.

GS III: ECONOMY – INDICATORS

Fiscal deficit touches 115% of target

14.

GS III: ECONOMY – SECTORS

Rough ride for automakers

GS II: POLITY – BILL/ACT

Amid protests, triple talaq Bill passed

  • The Lok Sabha passed The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2018, after a heated debate.
  • The Opposition Congress and the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) staged a walkout before the voting.
  • The two parties, through their floor leaders Mallikarjuna Kharge and P. Venugopal, had earlier opposed the Bill during the debate and asked that it be referred to a Joint Select Committee for consideration rather than be debated and passed.
  • However, Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad asked members to pass the Bill, citing humanitarian consideration for Muslim women suffering under triple talaq.
  • Prasad said in his reply that 477 cases of triple talaq had been reported since January 2017, with over 200 coming after the Supreme Court verdict declaring ‘talaq-e-biddat’ void.
  • The fresh Bill is proposed to supersede an earlier Bill passed in the Lok Sabha and pending in the Rajya Sabha.
  • He said he had incorporated several suggestions made by the Opposition during the debate in 2017 on the Bill, including removal of the clause that neighbours of the victim could file a case.
  • “Conditions for bail and mediation have also been added to the Bill as suggested by members,” he said.
  • The Bill to make the practice of triple talaq among Muslims a penal offence was introduced in the Lok Sabha in December 2018 to replace an ordinance issued in September 2018.
  • Under the proposed law, giving instant triple talaq will be illegal and void, and will attract a jail term of three years for the man.
  • K. Premachandran of the Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP) who also moved several amendments said his “strong objection was to the fact that the Bill criminalises a civil wrong when it is not so among statutes regarding Hindu personal law or even Christians.”
  • Anwhar Raajhaa of the AIADMK demanded to know why Muslim men were being singled out for punishment under penal provisions. He also said educational and social backwardness was responsible for the condition of Muslim women far more than triple talaq. “Who will provide maintenance to the wife if the husband is in jail?” he asked.

GS II: POLITY – BILL/ACT

Shah Bano case echoes in LS

  • Nearly 33 years after the Shah Bano case and its aftermath shook up Indian polity, the case once again took centre stage in the Lok Sabha during the debate on the Muslim Women (Protection on Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2018, also known as the triple talaq Bill.
  • The Congress appeared to have gotten over its earlier defensiveness over passing the Muslim Women (Protection on Divorce) Act, 1986, with its MP Sushmita Dev declaring it “the one law that has brought justice to Muslim women”.
  • “After the Shah Bano case, the government led by late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi passed the Bill that ensured time-bound disbursal of the entire alimony in the iddat period, and not just subsistence alimony, but a fair and reasonable one. It also provided for legal recourse to the aggrieved spouse to prosecute if not provided the same by her husband or his relatives.”

GS II: POLITY – BILL/ACT

SC didn’t mandate govt. to frame triple talaq law

  • There was no pressure whatsoever on the government from the Supreme Court to enact a law on triple talaq.
  • A close look at the three separate opinions delivered by the Constitution Bench on August 22, 2017 shows that it was only the minority judgment of the Supreme Court which had directed the government to bring an “appropriate legislation” on triple talaq.
  • The majority opinions of Justices Rohinton Nariman, U.U. Lalit and Justice Kurian Joseph — which became the law of the land and superceded the minority opinion of then Chief Justice J.S. Khehar and Justice S. Abdul Nazeer — had declared triple talaq “manifestly arbitrary”, illegal and void.
  • In short, triple talaq had ceased to exist from August 22, 2017.
  • The majority opinion had overawed the minority view of Justices Khehar and Nazeer by striking down instant talaq as not protected by Article 25 (freedom of religion) of the Constitution and violative of Article 14 (right to equality).

GS III: DISASTER MANAGEMENT

2 sailors killed in Kochi accident

  • Two sailors of the Navy’s aviation electrical branch were killed when a portion of a hangar at INS Garuda, the naval air station at the Southern Naval Command, collapsed on them.
  • The sliding hangar door [of Naval Air Squadron 322, comprising ALH Dhruv helicopters] dislodged from its supporting rails and fell on the sailors who were passing by.
  • The Navy ordered a Board of Inquiry.

GS I : CULTURE

Horse lovers throng Chetak festival

  • The third edition of Sarangkheda Chetak Festival 2018-19, one the oldest horse fairs in the country, kicked off amid the presence of national and international tourists, political leaders and horse breeders and traders in Sarangkheda, Nandurbar district, Maharashtra.
  • Organised by the Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation (MTDC) in association with the Sarangkheda Committee, the festival this year has also attracted horse traders from various parts of the country.
  • The Chetak Festival is a 300-year-old horse fair held on the banks of the Tapi.
  • The festival hosts more than 2,500 horses and people from all over the State come in large numbers to witness world-class equestrian spectacle.

GS III: ENVIRONMENT – BIODIVERSITY

River Dolphins go missing in Sunderbans as water salinity rises

  • Rise in salinity in the water system that makes the Indian Sunderbans has resulted in a decrease in population of the Ganges River Dolphins in the region.
  • A recent study covering 100 km of rivers and channels around the Sunderbans has revealed that the national aquatic animal is no longer sighted in the central and eastern parts of the archipelago.
  • Only in the western part of Sunderbans, where the salinity is lower, could researchers find some evidence of the species.
  • The rise in sea level, triggered by climate change, is one of the reasons for the increase in salinity of waters of rivers and channels.
  • “Hydrological modifications like water diversion and commission of large barrages upstream have had a great impact on the salinity profile of the rivers downstream in the Sunderbans,” the publication stated.
  • Classified as endangered by the IUCN Red List, the species was once found in tributaries of the Ganga in West Bengal.

GS II: POLITY – STATES – NRC

Centre extends deadline to update NRC

  • The Centre has given an extension of six months to complete the ongoing exercise for updating the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam by June 30.
  • In a notification, Registrar General of India Sailesh said the decision was taken as the exercise to enumerate citizens in the NRC, a list of Assam’s residents, could not be completed within the specified date of December 31, 2018.
  • It was on December 6, 2013, that the government issued the first notification setting a deadline of three years for completion of the entire NRC process.
  • Since then, five extensions have been given.
  • The draft NRC published on July 30 included the names of 2.9 crore people of the total 3.29 crore applicants.

GS I: CULTURE

Karmapa kept New Delhi in the dark

  • India was not informed by Ogyen Trinley Dorje before he took the passport of another country (the Commonwealth of Dominica), government sources said, indicating a rift with the Lama who claims to be the Karmapa, who had travelled to the United States in 2017 and has not returned despite saying on several occasions that he would do so.
  • Sources aware of the developments also reiterated India’s “neutral position” on who the head of the Karma Kagyu lineage is, given the rival claimant Trinley Thaye Dorje.
  • The Dalai Lama as well as the Chinese government had, in 1992, recognised Ogyen Trinley Dorje as the rightful heir to the position, but India has not accepted that.
  • Ogyen Trinley Dorje and Trinley Thaye Dorje met in France in October 2018 and vowed in a public statement to “heal the divisions” within the Karma Kagyu sect and to “bring the lineage together,” indicating that the two might resolve the issue without India’s help.

GS II: BILATERAL – INDIA-ASIA

Bhutan to focus on development

  • Bhutan’s development agenda is expected to feature in bilateral talks that will be held during the visit of the country’s newly elected Prime Minister Lotay Tshering.
  • Sources said the 12th five year plan of the Himalayan country is among several topics expected to come up during the official level talks.
  • The visit by the Bhutanese leader is the first since he took charge of the post of the Prime Minister on November 7.
  • Both sides will discuss the details of the ongoing hydro electricity projects in Bhutan.

GS II: INTERNATIONAL – ASIA

Parties end bitter campaign in Bangladesh

  • In the 300-seat National Parliament of Bangladesh, elections will be held in 299 seats on December 30, 2018.
  • The ruling Awami League is contesting in a Grand Alliance of over a dozen parties.
  • The Opposition has formed a broad coalition of more than 20 parties, Jatiyo Oikya Front (JOF). The Bangladesh National Party (BNP), its main constituent, is contesting 258 seats.
  • In 2014, the BNP did not participate in the election, which was swept by the Awami League.
  • In the last three years, Bangladesh has moved from the status of “lower middle-income country” to “a developing country”, according to the UN.

GS II: GOVERNANCE – POLICY

‘Business models, investment channels will have to change’

  • Shareholding structures as well as business models of entities that sell goods online — and in which major online e-tailers such as Amazon have a business interest — may soon have to change, according to industry participants and consultants.
  • This follows the government’s clarification barring online retailers from selling products of firms in which they own a stake or over which they exercise control.
  • The rules, which come into effect from February 1, 2019, also bar online retailers from selling goods exclusively on their platforms.
  • The time has come to look at franchise channels, rather than equity investments channels to do business in India,” an expert said.
  • A day after the government issued a clarification, tightening the norms for e-commerce players, the Confederation of All India Traders (CAIT) welcomed the decision and demanded that the rules be implemented with retrospective effect from April 1, 2018 so as to void the Walmart acquisition of Flipkart.
  • A senior official in the Commerce Ministry, however, said February 1, 2019 was set so as to give companies time to comply with the rules. As such, implementing them with a retrospective effect would not be possible.

GS III: ECONOMY – BANKING

Seven PSBs to receive Rs. 28,615 crore from Centre

  • The government is likely to infuse Rs. 28,615 crore into seven public sector banks (PSBs) through recapitalisation bonds by the end of December 2018, sources said.
  • The amount infused will help the banks meet regulatory capital requirement, and its disbursement might take place before December 31, sources said.
  • Finance Minister Arun Jaitley had said that recapitalisation would enhance the lending capacity of PSBs and help them exit the RBI’s Prompt Corrective Action framework.

GS III: ECONOMY – INDICATORS

Fiscal deficit touches 115% of target

  • India’s fiscal deficit touched 114.8% of the full-year target of Rs. 6.24 lakh crore at the end of November 2018 on account of lower revenue collection, showed government data. The fiscal deficit stood at Rs. 7.16 lakh crore during April-November of the current financial year.
  • At the end of November 2017, the deficit was 112%of the Budget Estimate (BE).
  • The government has budgeted to cut the fiscal deficit to 3.3% of GDP in 2018-19, from 3.53% in the previous financial year.
  • According to Controller General of Accounts data, total revenue receipts of the government totalled Rs. 8.7 lakh crore in 2018-19 till November.
  • The total expenditure of the government at November-end was Rs. 16.13 lakh crore or 66.1% of BE.

 

GS III: ECONOMY – SECTORS

Rough ride for automakers

  • The year 2018 was a challenging period for the automobile industry, more specifically for the passenger vehicle (PV) segment which faced strong headwinds.
  • The initial gains witnessed were discounted in the second half of the year on account of liquidity issues, confidence erosion, insurance issue and high oil prices.
  • Commercial vehicles (CVs) sale was supported by infrastructure growth.
  • During the year, exports grew significantly for CVs and two-wheelers while it has been in the negative zone for PVs due to weakness in export markets.

 

 

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