07 APRIL 2021
Daily Current Affairs based on ‘The Hindu’ newspaper as per the syllabus of UPSC Civil Services Examination (Prelims and Mains) compiled by Mrs. Bilquees Khatri.
|1.||GS II: POLITY – JUDICIARY||Justice Ramana will be next CJI|
|2.||GS II: GOVERNANCE – POLICY||Vigilance officers to be transferred every 3 years|
|3.||GS II: SOCIAL – HEALTH||Daily case count highest in the world|
|4.||GS II: MULTILATERAL||Ukraine urges NATO to speed up membership|
GS II: POLITY – JUDICIARY
Justice Ramana will be next CJI
- President Ram Nath Kovind appointed Justice N.V. Ramana as the 48th Chief Justice of India with effect from April 24.
- Born into a family of agriculturists in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh, Chief Justice of India-designate Justice Ramana has adorned many hats — from student leader working for farmers and industrial workers to journalist for a leading Telugu newspaper to a first-generation lawyer.
- He was Additional Advocate General for Andhra Pradesh before being called to the State High Court Bench in 2001.
- Justice Ramana was the Delhi High Court Chief Justice prior to his elevation to the top court.
- As CJI, Justice Ramana will have a tenure of 16 months.
- The incumbent CJI Sharad A. Bobde had recommended Justice Ramana, the seniormost judge of the top court, for appointment as the 48th Chief Justice of India in a letter addressed to the Ministry of Law and Justice, dated March 24.
GS II: GOVERNANCE – POLICY
Vigilance officers to be transferred every 3 years
- The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) has modified the guidelines pertaining to the transfer and posting of officials in the vigilance units of government organisations, restricting their tenure to three years at one place.
- The tenure may be extended to three more years, albeit at a different place of posting.
- The CVC, in its order, said undue long stay of an official in a vigilance department had the potential of developing vested interests, apart from giving rise to unnecessary complaints or allegations.
- Personnel can have two continuous postings in vigilance units at different places of posting, each running to a maximum of three years.
- Personnel who have worked for over three years at one place should be transferred in phases, with priority given to those who have served for the maximum period, the order said.
- Those having completed over five years at one place should be shifted on top priority basis, it added.
- The Commission said in the first phase, at least 10% of such personnel should be shifted in a sequential order without any exception.
- In case someone has served at one place for over three years, his tenure at the next place would be curtailed to ensure that the combined tenure was limited to six years.
- The first phase of transfer/posting has to be completed by May 31. The exercise of transferring all the personnel in question should be completed by June 30, said the Commission.
- The order said after transfer from the vigilance unit, there would be a compulsory cooling off period of three years before anyone could be considered again for posting in the unit.
GS II: SOCIAL – HEALTH
Daily case count highest in the world
- With 1,15,232 new COVID-19 cases reported on 6th April 2021, India continues to record the most number of daily cases globally.
- Since April 3, India has been registering more daily cases than the U.S. and Brazil, accounting for one in every seven new global cases.
- The last time India led the world in terms of daily cases was during the first wave in September.
- The figures do not include cases and deaths from Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Ladakh, Nagaland and Sikkim. The data is sourced from covid19india.org, an independent aggregator of daily COVID-19 figures.
GS II: MULTILATERAL
Ukraine urges NATO to speed up membership
- Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky urged NATO to speed up his country’s membership in the alliance, saying it was the only way to end fighting with pro-Russia separatists.
- Zelensky spoke with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg after an increase in clashes and Russian military movements on the border raised fears of an escalation of the separatist conflict in eastern Ukraine.
- In a tweet after the call, Mr.. Zelensky said it was time for NATO to move forward with Ukraine’s longstanding desire for membership.
- Fears have been mounting of a major escalation of the conflict in eastern Ukraine, where government forces have battled separatists in the mainly Russian-speaking Donbas region since 2014.
- Ukraine accused Russia of massing thousands of military personnel on its northern and eastern borders as well as on the Crimean peninsula annexed by Moscow in 2014.
- Kiev’s Western allies have rushed to its defence, with a series of statements warning Russia against taking further action.