UPSC-CSE Political Science (optional) 2020 Course


Political Science & International Relations 2020

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Paper-I : Syllabus

Political Theory and Indian Politics

  1. Political theorymeaning and approaches
  2. Theories of the state:Liberal, Neoliberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.
  3. Justice:Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques.
  4. Equality:Social, political and economic; relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.
  5. Rights:Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights.
  6. Democracy:Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy – representative, participatory and deliberative.Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.
  7. Political Ideologies:Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.
  8. Indian Political Thought:Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions ; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, S r i Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar, M.N. Roy .
  9. Western Political Thought :Plato ,Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John,S. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.

Indian Government and politics

  1. Indian Nationalism:
  2. Political Strategies of India’s Freedom struggle : constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience ; militant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers’ movements.
  3. Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.
  4. Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; different social and political perspectives.
  5. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.
  1. Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.
  2. Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.
  1. Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grass root movements.
  2. Statutory Institutions/Commissions: Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women; National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission.
  3. Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes.
  4. Planning and Economic Development : Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalilzation and economic reforms.
  5. Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.
  6. Party System: National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behaviour; changing socio- economic profile of Legislators.
  7. Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights movements; women’s movements; environmentalist movements

Paper-II: Syllabus

Comparative Politics and International Relations
Comparative Political Analysis and International Politics:

  1. Comparative Politics: Nature and major approaches; political economy and political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method.
  2. State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies, and, advanced industrial and developing societies
  3. Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties, pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies.
  4. Globalisation: Responses from developed and developing societies.
  5. Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory.
  6. Key concepts in International Relations: National interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalisation.
  7. Changing International Political Order:
  8. Rise of super powers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat;
  9. Non-al igned movement : Aims and achievements;
  10. Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world.
  11. Evolution of the International Economic System: From Brettonwoods to WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third World demand for new international economic order; Globalisation of the world economy.
  12. United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies-aims and functioning; need for UN reforms.
  13. Regionalisation of World Politics: EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.
  14. Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.

India and the World:

  1. Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of foreign policy; institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.
  2. India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement: Different phases; current role
  3. India and South Asia:
  4. Regional Co-operation: SAARC – past performance and future prospects.
  5. South Asia as a Free Trade Area.
  6. India’s “Look East” policy.
  7. Impediments to regional co-operation: river water disputes; illegal cross-border migration; ethnic conflicts and insurgencies; border disputes.
  8. India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and Latin America; leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.
  9. India and the Global Centres of Power: USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia.
  10. India and the UN System: Role in UN Peace-keeping; demand for Permanent Seat in the Security Council.
  11. India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and policy
  12. Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy: India’s position on the recent crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel; vision of a new world order.

Lecture Plan: Paper - I And II

Lecture No. Topic Subtopic
 

1

Introduction Political Science and International Relations
Discussion on last three years papers Paper – I & Paper – II
 

2

Political Theory Meaning and approaches; Theories of state: Liberal, Neoliberal.
Political Theory Marxist, Pluralist, post-colonial and Feminist
 

3

 

Justice

Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of Justice & its communitarian Critique
Equality Social, political and economic; relationship between equality and freedom
 

4

Affirmative action Rights Meaning and theories, different kinds of rights, concept of human rights.
Democracy Classical and contemporary theories, different models of democracy- representative
  Assignment -1 Answer Writing Assignment – 1
  Assignment – 2 Answer Writing Assignment – 2
 

5

 

Assignments Discussion on the Answer writing Assignments
Democracy representative, participatory and deliberative; Concept of power: hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.
 

6

Political Ideologies Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism
Political Ideologies Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism
7

 

8

 

9

Indian Political thought Dharmashastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist tradition.
Indian Political Thought Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi
Indian Political Thought Dr B R Ambedkar, MN Roy
 

10

 

11

Western Political Thought Plato and Aristotle.
Western Political Thought Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.
Western Political thought John S. Mill, Karl Marx, Gramsci and Hannah Arendt
  Assignment -3 Answer Writing Assignment – 3
  Assignment – 4 Answer Writing Assignment – 4
  Assignment – 5 Answer Writing Assignment – 5
  Assignment – 6 Answer Writing Assignment – 6
 

12

 

13

 

14

Indian Nationalism- Political Strategies of India’s freedom struggle Constitutionalism to Mass Satyagraha

 

Cooperation Non-cooperation, Civil disobedience
Movements Militant and revolutionary movements, peasant and worker movements.
 

15

Indian Nationalism Perspectives on Indian national movement
Indian Nationalism Liberal, Socialist and Marxist, Radical Humanist and Dalit.
 

16

 

17

 

18

Making of the Indian Constitution Legacies of the British Rule, different social and political perspectives.
Discussion on Assignments Discussion On Answer writing Assignments 3 and 4
Assignment -5,6 Discussion On Answer writing Assignments 5 and 6

 

  Assignment -7 Answer Writing Assignment 7
  Assignment – 8 Answer Writing Assignment 8
 

19

Assignment – 7 (Discussion) Discussion On Answer writing Assignments 7
Assignment – 8 (discussion) Discussion On Answer writing Assignments 8
20 Salient features of the Indian Constitution Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, DPSP.
Basic Structure Doctrine Parliamentary system and amendment procedures, Judicial review and Basic Structure Doctrine.
 

21

 

22

 

23

Principal organs of Union Government Envisaged role and actual
working of Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.
Principal organs of State Government Envisaged role and actual working
of Executive, Legislature and High Courts.
Grassroots Democracy Panchayati Raj and Municipal Governments;
Significance of 73rd and 74th amendments; Grassroots movements.
 

24

Statutory Institutions Election Commission, UPSC, CAG and Finance Commission
Statutory Institutions National Commission for STs, National Commission for SCs,
25 National Commission National Commission for Women, NHRC, minorities, National Commission for backward classes.
Federalism Constitutional Provisions, changing nature of centre-state
relations, integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations, inter-state disputes.
  Assignment – 9 Answer Writing Assignment 9
  Assignment – 10 Answer Writing Assignment 10
26

 

27

 

28

Assignment – 9 &10 (discussion) Answer writing Assignment Discussion 9 and 10
Planning and Economic development Nehruvian and Gandhian Perspectives
Economic Reforms Role of planning and public sector, Green revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations, liberalization and economic reforms.
29

 

30

 

31

Indian Politics Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.
Party System National and regional political parties, ideological and
social bases of parties, Patterns of coalition politics
Legislators Pressure groups, trends in electoral behaviour, changing socio-economic profile of legislators.
32 Social Movements Civil liberties and human rights movements,
Movements women’s movements, environmentalist movements
  Assignment – 11 Answer writing Assignment 11
  Assignment – 12 Answer writing Assignment 12
33

 

34

 

35

Comparative Politics Nature and major approaches, Political Economy and political sociology perspectives, Limitations of the comparative method.
State in comparative perspective Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies, and advanced industrial and developing societies.
Politics of representation: Political parties, pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies
36 Globalisation Responses from developed and developing societies.
Approaches to study of International Relations Idealist, Realist, Marxist,
Functionalist and Systems theory.
 

 

37

 

 

38

 

 

39

Key Concepts in International Relations National interest, security and power, Balance of power and deterrence, Transational actors and collective security, World capitalist economy and globalisation.
Key Concepts in International Relations National interest, security and
power, Balance of power and deterrence, Transational actors and collective security, World capitalist economy and globalisation. (…contd.)
Changing International Political Order Rise of super powers, Strategic and ideological bipolarity, arms race and cold war, Nuclear threat.
 

40

Non-aligned Movement aims and achievements; Collapse of Soviet union
Non-aligned

Movement

Unipolarity and American hegemony, Relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world.
  Assignment -13 Answer Writing Assignment 13
  Assignment -14 Answer Writing Assignment 14
  Assignment – 15 Answer Writing Assignment 15
41 Assignment – 13,14,15 (discussion) Answer Writing Discussion 13,14 & 15
42 Evolution of International Economic system Evolution of International Economic system: From Brettonwoods to WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual economic Assistance).
Globalisation Third world demand for new international economic order, Globalisation of world economy.
 

 

43

United Nations United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record, Specialised UN
agencies- aims and functioning, need for UN reforms
Regionalisation of World Politics EU, ASEAN, APEC, AARC, NAFTA.
44 Contemporary Global Concerns Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice terrorism, nuclear proliferation.
Contemporary Global concerns Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice terrorism, nuclear proliferation.
45 Indian Foreign Policy Determinants of foreign policy, the institutions of
policy-making; Continuity and change.
India’s Contribution India’s Contribution to the Non-Aligned Movement, different phases and current role.
Assignment -16 Answer Writing Assignment 16
  Assignment – 17 Answer Writing Assignment 17
  Assignment -18 Answer writing Assignment 18
  Assignment – 19 Answer writing Assignment 19
46 Assignment -16,17,18,19 Answer Writing Assignment Discussion 16 17 18 & 19
47 India and South Asia Regional co-operation: SAARC- past performance
and future prospects; South Asia as a free trade area.
Look East Policy India’s “Look East Policy”.
48 Impediments of regional co-operation River water disputes, illegal cross border migration, Ethnic conflicts and insurgencies, Border disputes.
India and the global South Relations with Africa and Latin America,
Leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.
49 India and global Centres of power USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia.
India and the UN system Role in UN-peace keeping, Demand for permanent seat in Security Council.
50 India and the Nuclear Question Changing perceptions and policy.
Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy India’s position on recent crises in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel; Vision of a new world order.
  Assignment – 20 Answer Writing Assignment 20
  Assignment -21 Answer Writing Assignment 21
51 Assignment – 20 & 21 Answer Writing Assignment Discussion 20 and 21

Notes:

  1. Schedule of days, time and duration will be adhered to. However there may be fluctuation due to requirement of syllabus coverage, availability of faculty  or other unforeseen circumstances. But it is ensured that the syllabus will be covered within time frame.
  2. Schedule of each week will be forwarded in advance to student portal.
  3. Assignments will be forwarded to each student at their respective portal. Thereafter discussion will be held as per schedule. There will not be any evaluation of assignments.
  4. Test Series will be scheduled as per the syllabus coverage to enable the students to have proper assessment of their performance. Each test paper will be forwarded to students at their respective portal. Students are required to submit scanned copy of their answer sheets for evaluation. Evaluated copy of answer sheets will be forwarded as softcopy followed by discussion in virtual class.