UPSC-Public Administration (optional) 2020

Paper – I

Syllabus

Administrative Theory

Introduction: Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration; Wilson’s vision of Public Administration; Evolution of the discipline and its present status; New Public Administration; Public Choice approach; Challenges of liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation; Good Governance: concept and application; New Public Management.

Administrative Thought: Scientific Management and Scientific Management movement; Classical Theory; Weber’s bureaucratic model – its critique and post-Weberian Developments; Dynamic Administration (Mary Parker Follett); Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others); Functions of the Executive (C.I. Barnard); Simon’s decision-making theory; Participative Management (R. Likert, C. Argyris, D. McGregor).

Administrative Behaviour: Process and techniques of decision-making; Communication; Morale; Motivation Theories – content, process and contemporary; Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modern.

Organisations: Theories – systems, contingency; Structure and forms: Ministries and Departments, Corporations, Companies, Boards and Commissions; Ad hoc and advisory bodies; Headquarters and Field relationships; Regulatory Authorities; Public – Private Partnerships.

Accountability and control: Concepts of accountability and control; Legislative, Executive and Judicial control over administration; Citizen and Administration; Role of media, interest groups, voluntary organisations; Civil society; Citizen’s Charters; Right to Information; Social audit.

Administrative Law: Meaning, scope and significance; Dicey on Administrative law; Delegated legislation; Administrative Tribunals.

Comparative Public Administration: Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems; Administration and politics in different countries; status of Comparative Public Administration; Ecology and administration; Riggsian models and their critique.

Development Dynamics: Concept of development; Changing profile of development administration; ‘Antidevelopment thesis’; Bureaucracy and development; Strong state versus the market debate; Impact of liberalization on administration in developing countries; Women and development – the self-help group movement.

Personnel Administration: Importance of human resource development; Recruitment, training, career advancement, position classification, discipline, performance appraisal, promotion, pay and service conditions; employer- employee relations, grievance redressal mechanism; Code of conduct; Administrative ethics.

Public Policy: Models of policy-making and their critique; Processes of conceptualisation, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review and their limitations; State theories and public policy formulation.

Techniques of Administrative Improvement: Organisation and methods, Work study and work management; e-governance and information technology; Management aid tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT, CPM.

Financial Administration: Monetary and fiscal policies; Public borrowings and public debt Budgets – types and forms; Budgetary process; Financial accountability; Accounts and audit.

Lecture Plan

Paper – I : Lecture Plan

Sr NoTopicSubtopic
1

Introduction to Public Administration

 

UPSC Optional, Mains, Answer Writing,

Public Administration, kind of questions, overview of syllabus, reference material etc.

2Introduction unit 1Meaning, scope & significance of Public Administration. Different views and perspectives; narrow and wide etc.
3IntroductionDifferent approaches to Public Administration; Wilsons vision, dichotomy. Criticism.
4IntroductionEvolution of discipline including paradigms of Golembewski etc. New Public Administration, 3 Minnowbrook conferences.
5IntroductionPublic choice approach, economic state, challenges of LPG, NPM.
6IntroductionGood Governance positive and negative connotations, New public governance, New public service
7Assignment – 1Question Discussion from previous year papers, some other questions. Doubts and quick revision.  (1st Assignment)
8Administrative ThoughtFayol, Classical theory, including gullick, urwik, principles of management, its criticism.
9Administrative ThoughtTaylor, scientific management, scientific management movement, criticism. Neo Taylorism.
10Administrative thoughtWeber, bureaucratic model, critique and post Weberian developments. Overall criticism of classical school of thought. Relevance, etc.
11Administrative thoughtDynamic administration of Follett, Human Relations school, Mayo, critics.
12Administrative thoughtBernard and functions of executive. Simon and decision making theory, process and techniques of DM.
13Administrative ThoughtParticipative management includes Likert, Argyris, McGregor.
14Assignment – 2Discuss Previous years questions on unit 2, other questions, doubts, quick revision. (Assignment 2)
15Assignment – 1 (Discussion/Doubt Solving)Assignment 1 discussion, doubt solving etc.
16Administrative BehaviourCommunication, Morale, Motivation. Motivation theories including Maslow, Herzberg.
17Administrative BehaviourContemporary theories of motivation. Theories of leadership, styles , traditional n modern.
18Assignment – 3Discuss Previous years questions, other questions, doubts, quick revision. (Assignment 3)
19Assignment – 2 (Discussion/Doubt Solving)Assignment 2 discussion, doubt solving etc.
20OrganizationOrganization and its types, theories like system, contingency etc., Structure and Form like ministries, Departments, corporations, companies, Board, Commissions. Adhoc and Advisory bodies headquarter and field relations, Regulatory bodies, PPP and its forms.
21Accountability and ControlWhat is accountability and control, types e.g. external and internal, Legislative, exe, judicial control over administration.
22Accountability and ControlCitizen and administration, interest groups, voluntary organisations. Civil society, RTI, Social Audit.
23

Accountability and Control and

Assignment – 4

Role of media, Citizen Charters, evaluation.

Discuss Previous years questions, other questions, doubts, quick revision. (Assignment 4)

24Assignment – 3 (Discussion/Doubt Solving)Assignment 3 discussion, doubt solving etc.
25Administrative law and Comparative pub Ad

Meaning, scope, significance, Dicey, delegated legislation, tribunals, need and criticism.

What is CPA, historical and sociological systems affecting administration, Administration and politics, Current status of CPA

26Comparative Public AdministrationRiggs, models, critique, other models.
27Development DynamicsDevelopment, concept, development administration, administrative development, changing profile of DA, bureaucracy and development.
28Development DynamicsWomen and development, shg movement, Anti-development thesis. Strong state v/s market debate, impact of LPG in developing countries.
29Assignment – 5Discuss Previous years questions, other questions, doubts, quick revision. (Assignment 5).
30Assignment – 4 (Discussion/Doubt Solving)Assignment 4 discussion, doubt solving etc.
31Personnel administrationWhat is personnel administration, HRD, HRM. Recruitment, Training, position classification.
32Personnel administrationCareer advancement, discipline, Performance appraisal, promotion, pay and service conditions.
33Personnel administrationEmployer employee relations, grievance redressal mechanism, whitleyism, code of conduct, administrative ethics
34Public PolicyWhat is Public policy, models of Public Policy, DROR.
35Public PolicyProcesses of conceptualization, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review and their limitations; State theories and public policy formulation.
36Administrative improvementO n M, work study and work management, egovernance,  MIS, PERT , CPM , network analysis
37Financial AdministrationMonetary and fiscal policy, public borrowing and budgeting, types of budgeting, process. Accountability, accounts and audit
38Assignment – 5 (Discussion/Doubt Solving)Discuss Previous years questions, other questions, doubts, quick revision.
39Assignment – 6Discuss Assignment 5.
40Assignment – 6 (Discussion/Doubt Solving)Discussion, doubt solving etc. (complete paper 1).

 

Paper – II

Syllabus

Indian Administration

Evolution of Indian Administration: Kautilya’s Arthashastra; Mughal administration; Legacy of British rule in politics and administration – Indianization of public services, revenue administration, district administration, local self-government.

Philosophical and Constitutional framework of government: Salient features and value premises; Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy and democracy; Bureaucracy and development.

Public Sector Undertakings: Public sector in modern India; Forms of Public Sector Undertakings; Problems of autonomy, accountability, and control; Impact of liberalisation and privatisation.

Union Government and Administration: Executive, Parliament, Judiciary – structure, functions, work processes; Recent trends; Intergovernmental relations; Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s Office; Central Secretariat; Ministries and Departments; Boards; Commissions; Attached offices; Field organisations.

Plans and Priorities: Machinery of planning; Role, composition and functions of the Planning Commission and the National Development Council; ‘Indicative’ planning; Process of plan formulation at Union and State levels; Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralised planning for economic development and social justice.

State Government and Administration: Union-State administrative, legislative and financial relations; Role of the Finance Commission; Governor; Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat; Directorates.

District Administration since Independence: Changing role of the Collector; Union state- local relations; Imperatives of development management and law and order administration; District administration and democratic decentralisation.

Civil Services: Constitutional position; Structure, recruitment, training and capacity-building; Good governance initiatives; Code of conduct and discipline; Staff associations; Political rights; Grievance redressal mechanism; Civil service neutrality; Civil service activism.

Financial Management: Budget as a political instrument; Parliamentary control of public expenditure; Role of finance ministry in monetary and fiscal area; Accounting techniques; Audit; Role of Controller General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

Administrative Reforms since Independence: Major concerns; Important Committees and Commissions; Reforms in financial management and human resource development; Problems of implementation.

Rural Development: Institutions and agencies since independence; Rural development programmes: foci and strategies; Decentralisation and Panchayati Raj; 73rd Constitutional amendment.

Urban Local Government: Municipal governance: main features, structures, finance and problem areas; 74th Constitutional Amendment; Global local debate; New localism; Development dynamics, politics and administration with special reference to city management.

Law and Order Administration: British legacy; National Police Commission; Investigative agencies; Role of central and state agencies including paramilitary forces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and terrorism; Criminalization of politics and administration; Police-public relations; Reforms in Police.

Significant issues in Indian Administration: Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights Commission; Problems of administration in coalition regimes; Citizen-administration interface; Corruption and administration; Disaster management.

Lecture Plan

Paper – II : Lecture Plan

Sr NoTopicSubtopic
1IntroductionPaper 2, difference between papers, linkages needed, answer writing etc.
2Evolution of Indian AdministrationKautilya, Arthashastra, Mauryan Administration, Mughal Administration
3Evolution of Indian AdministrationLegacy of British rule in politics and administration – Indianization of public services, revenue administration, district administration, local self-government.
4Philosophical and Constitutional framework of governmentSalient features and value premises; Constitutionalism;
5Philosophical and Constitutional framework of governmentPolitical culture; Bureaucracy and democracy; Bureaucracy and development including street level bureaucracy
6Assignment – 1Discuss Previous years questions, other questions, doubts, quick revision. (Assignment 1).
7DiscussionDiscussion Paper 1.
8DiscussionDiscussion Paper 1.
9

Public Sector Undertakings

 

Union Government and Administration

Public sector in modern India; Forms of Public Sector Undertakings; Problems of autonomy, accountability, and control; Impact of liberalization and privatization, current linkages .

Executive includes president, vice president .

10Union Government and Administration

Prime minister, council of ministers, Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s Office; Central Secretariat; Ministries and Departments, Intra governmental relations.

Parliament – structure, functions, work processes; Recent trends; Boards; Commissions; Attached offices; Field organizations, Role of the Finance Commission;

11Union Government and AdministrationJudiciary structure, issues, PIL, activism, adventurism etc.
12State Government and AdministrationUnion-State administrative, legislative and financial relations; Governor; Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat; Directorates.
13District Administration since IndependenceChanging role of the Collector; Union state- local relations; Imperatives of development management and law and order administration;
14Assignment – 2Discuss Previous years questions, other questions, doubts, quick revision. (Assignment 2).
15Assignment – 1 (Discussion/Doubt Solving)Assignment 1 discussion, doubt solving etc..
16Civil Services

Constitutional position; Structure, recruitment, training and capacity-building;

Good governance initiatives; Code of conduct and discipline; Staff associations; Political rights Civil service neutrality;

Civil service activism, ARC recommendations, Grievance redressal mechanism

17Financial Management

Budget as a political instrument; Parliamentary control of public expenditure; Its efficacy, Role of finance ministry in monetary and fiscal area.

Accounting techniques; Audit; types of auditing and its significance, Role of Controller General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India

18Assignment – 3Discuss Previous years questions, other questions, doubts, quick revision. (Assignment 3).
19Assignment – 2 (Discussion/Doubt Solving)Assignment 2 discussion, doubt solving etc.
20

Administrative Reforms since Independence

 

Reforms, significance, concerns, committees and commissions, problems of implementation

Discuss imp recommendations of ARC 2

21

Rural Development  and Urban Local Government

 

Evolution, Panchayati Raj, 73rd amendment, institutions, lacunae, current status

74th amendment, issues, current status, smart city, global local debate, new localism

22Assignment – 4Discuss Previous years questions, other questions, doubts, quick revision. (Assignment 4).
23Assignment – 3 (Discussion/Doubt Solving)Assignment 3 discussion, doubt solving etc.
24Law and order administration

British legacy; National Police Commission; different commissions, Investigative agencies; Criminalization of politics and administration; Police-public relations; Reforms in Police.

Role of central and state agencies including paramilitary forces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and terrorism, Internal security

25Significant issues in Indian administrationValues in public service; Problems of administration in coalition regimes; Citizen-administration interface; Corruption and administration; Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights Commission, Disaster management
26Assignment – 5Discuss Previous years questions, other questions, doubts, quick revision. (Assignment 5).
27Assignment – 4 (Discussion/Doubt Solving)Assignment 4 discussion, doubt solving etc. (complete paper 2)
28Assignment – 5 (Discussion/Doubt Solving)Assignment 5 discussion, doubt solving etc. (complete paper 2)
29DiscussionDiscussion paper 2.
30DiscussionDoubt solving, Discussions of Miscellaneous issues.

Notes:

  1. Schedule of days, time and duration will be adhered to. However there may be fluctuation due to requirement of syllabus coverage, availability of faculty or other unforeseen circumstances. But it is ensured that the syllabus will be covered within time frame.
  2. Schedule of each week will be forwarded in advance to student portal.
  3. Assignments will be forwarded to each student at their respective portal. Thereafter discussion will be held as per schedule. There will not be any evaluation of assignments.
  4. Test Series will be scheduled as per the syllabus coverage to enable the students to have proper assessment of their performance. Each test paper will be forwarded to students at their respective portal. Students are required to submit scanned copy of their answer sheets for evaluation. Evaluated copy of answer sheets will be forwarded as softcopy followed by discussion in virtual class.
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